MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
Q.1 The Third Estate comprised
(a) Poor servants and small peasants, landless labourers (b) Peasants and artisans
(c) Big businessmen, merchants, lawyers etc. (d) All the above
Q.2.That ‘each member should have one vote’ was advocated by:
(a) Georges Danton (b) Rousseau (c) Jean Paul Marat (d) the Jacobins
Q.3.Which of the following decisions was taken by the convention?
(a) Declared France a constitutional monarchy (b) Abolished the monarchy
(c) All men and women above 21 years got the right to vote (d) Declared France a Republic
Q.4.Which of the following is not the idea of the revolutionary journalist Desmoulins about Liberty?
(a) Liberty is finishing off your enemies (b) Liberty is Happiness, Reason, Equality and Justice
(c) Liberty is the Declaration of Right (d) Liberty is not a child who has to be disciplined before maturity
Q.5. How does a ‘Subsistence Crisis’ happen?
(a) Bad harvest leads to scarcity of grains (b) Food prices rise and the poorest cannot buy bread
(c) Leads to weaker bodies, diseases, deaths and even food riots (d) All the above
Q.6. In the war against Prussia and Austria, the army sang which patriotic song?
(a) 'Liberty', written by an unknown woman poet (b) ‘Marseillaise’ written by the poet Roget de Lisle
(c) ‘Viva France’ written by a French peasant (d) None of the above
Q7.Which of the following statements is untrue about the Third Estate?
(a) The Third Estate was made of the poor only (b) Within the Third Estate some were rich and some were poor
(c) Richer members of the Third Estate owned lands (d) Peasants were obliged to serve in the army, or build roads
Q.8. Who wrote the pamphlet called ‘What is the Third Estate’?
(a) Mirabeau, a nobleman (b) Abbe Sieyes (c) Rousseau, a philosopher (d) Montesquieu
Q.9. A guillotine was _______________________
(a) A device consisting of two poles and a blade with which a person was beheaded
(b) A fine sword with which heads were cut off
(c) A special noose to hang people (d) none of the above
Q.10. When did the French Revolution begin?
(a) July 14, 1789 (b) January 10, 1780 (c) August 12, 1782 (d) None of the above
Q.11.The word livres stands for:
(a) unit of currency in France (b) tax levied by the Church
(c) Tax to be paid directly to the state (d) none of these
Q.12.What was the effect of the rise of population of France from about 23 million in 1715 to28 million in 1789?
(a) Education became difficult (b) Rapid increase in the demand for food grains
(c) Housing problem occurred (d) All the above
Q.13.What was the ‘Subsistence Crisis’ which occurred frequently in France?
(a) An extreme situation endangering the basic means of livelihood (b) Subsidy in food grains
(c) Large-scale production of food grains (d) None of the above
Q.14.What was the name of tax which was directly paid to the state by the Third Estate?
(a) Tithes (b) livres (c) taille (d) all of these
Q.15.What was ‘Estates General’?
(a) Post of Army General (b) A political body (c) Head of all landed property (d) Advisor of the king
Q.16 Which social groups emerged in the 18th century?
(a) Lawyers (b) Administrative officials(c) Middle class (d) All the above
Q.17. The term ‘Old Regime' is usually used to describe
(a) France before 1000 B.C. (b) Society of France after 1789 A.D.
(c) Society and institutions of France before 1789 A.D. (d) None of the above
Q.18. In which of these countries was the model of government as advocated by Montesquieu put into effect?
(a) USA (b) China (c) USSR (d) All the above
Q.19.Which of these books was written by John Locke?
(a) The Spirit of the Laws (b) Two Treatises on Government(c) The Social Contract (d) All the above
Q.20.When did Louis XVI call an assembly of Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes?
(a) 2 January, 1775 (b) 10 March, 1780 (c) 5 May, 1789 (d) 14 July, 1789
Q.21. In the meeting of the Estates General, the members of the Third Estate demanded that
(a) All the three Estates should have one vote altogether (c) Each Estate should have one vote
(b) Each member of the three Estates should have one vote (d) None of the above
Q.22. On 20th June, the representatives of the Third Estate assembled in the indoor tennis court of Versailles for
(a) hunger strike (b) Drafting a Constitution for France which limited the king’s power
(c) Declaring a revolt (d) Making an appeal to support the king in times of need
Q.23. Who led the representatives of the Third Estate in Versailles on 20th June?
(a) Mirabeau (b) Abbe Sieyes (c) Louis XVI (d) Both a and b
Q.24.What did Louis XVI do, seeing the power of his revolting subjects?
(a) He accorded recognition to the National Assembly (b) Accepted checks on his powers
(c) Ordered his army to crush the revolt (d) Both (a) and (b)
Q.25.Which of these provisions were passed by the Assembly on the night of 4 August, 1789?
(a) Abolition of feudal system of obligations (b) Clergy had to give up its privileges
(c) Tithes were abolished (d) All the above
Q.26.The new Constitution made France a
(a) Constitutional Monarchy (b) Communist state
(c) Fully democratic state (d) none of the above
Q.27. According to the new constitution of 1791, the National Assembly was to be
(a) Elected directly (b) appointed by the king(c) elected indirectly (d) a hereditary body
Q.28.Which of these people were entitled to vote?
(a) Only men above 25 years of age (b) Men and women above 30 years of age
(c) Men who paid taxes equal to at least 3 days of a labourer’s wage (d) Both (a) and (c)
Q.29.Which of these rights were not established as ‘natural and inalienable’ rights by the constitution of 1791?
(a) Right to life (b) Freedom of speech and opinion(c) Equality before the law (d) All the above
Q.30. which of these provisions form a part of the ‘Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen’?
(a) Men are born free (b) They are equal in rights before the law
(c) Liberty means powers to do what is not injurious to others (d) All the above