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October 11, 2016

All About Jharkhand | Useful for JPSC exam

All About Jharkhand | Useful for JPSC exam

Contents     

  • History 
  • special features
  • Geography & climate 
  • Tourists spot    
  • Flora and fauna 
  • People & culture
  • Economy 
  • Social infrastructure 
  • Health       
  • Education 
  • Sports
  • Icons of jharkhand
  • Problems faced by Jharkhand

The name Jharkhand comes from the   sanskrit “Jharikhanda” which is the ancient name of the region dense forest-Jharikhand. 
1772 – Paharia revolt led by Tilka against British and landlords                             
1832 – Kol revolts
1855 – Santhali revolts
1890 – Independence movement led by BIRSA MUNDA 
1914 – Tana  movement
1928 – Demand  for Jharkhand rejected by Simon commission
1938 – Jaipal Singh formed Adivasi Mahasabha
2000 – On 2nd of Aug  Indian Parliament passed Bihar Reorganization Bill                                                              2000 – On 15th  Nov Jharkhand came into being 

SPECIAL FACTS
  • During Mughal Period Jharkhand region was called ‘Kukara’.
  • It’s capital is Ranchi.
  • Here exist more than 32 languages . Primary  ones are Hindi,Nagpuri ,Urukh ,Ho,Munda,Santhali,Bangali.  
  • Some of the highly  industrialized cities such as Jamshedpur,                    
  • Dhanbad, Bokaro & Ranchi are located here.
  • It’s mineral rich state of India.
  • Population            2,69,09,428
  • Sex Ratio             941 per 1000 males
  • Density                338 persons / sq km
  • No. of Districts    24
  • No. of Villages     32620 

Tourists  Spot
  • Ranchi – It is  known as ‘city of waterfalls’.Rock Garden,Sun temple,Jagannathpur temple ,Tagore hills. 
  • Netarhat – It is known as ‘Switzerland of Jharkhand’.
  • Hazaribagh – ‘Hazaribagh National park’ contains 14 Tiger, 25 panther & 400 sambhars.
  • Dhanbad – Popular Tourist Spot are Chati Govindpur  ,Meva, Panchet, Jhangi Mountain and many more.
  • Garwa – It is famous for Saurat mountain. Other attraction are it’s various Falls.
  • Bokaro – Jawaharlal Nehru zoological park, babudih ,chandra pura etc .

Geography  & climate
  • It is located in Eastern India.
  • It’s neighbourers are U.P ,Chattisgarh,Bihar,Orissa and West Bengal.
  • Major  Rivers are  Koel, Damodar, Ganga,Swarna Rekha, Son and Sankh.            
  • 29 %  of Land is Under Forest.
  • Different Types of Soils are Red Soil, Sandy Soil, Micacious Soil, Black soil & Laterite Soil. 
  • Forest contains Rare White Tigers & Asian Elephants.

FOREST

  • Forest contain rare White Tigers & Asian Elephant . 
  • ‘Hazaribaag  National park’ contains 38 Tigers ,59 Parthers ,400 Sambhars & 539 Elephants. 

Soils


  • Different types of soils are red soil, sandy soil, black soil , laterite soil.

RIVERS
  • Major rivers are Koel,Damodar,Ganga,Swarnarekha,Son,Sekha.

Flora  and  fauna
  • Jharkhand is very rich in flora and fauna.
  • Betla National Park covers an area of 250 km.
  • It has Rare white tigers & asian  elephants plus sambars,wild boars,python,blue bull and many others mammals.
  • In 1974, It was declared Under Project Tiger Reserve. 
  • Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary also contains rarerest species.

People & culture


  • Jharkhand is a hub of various tribes.Primary ones are Kurukh,Santhali,Munda,Ho,Kharia.
  • Large number of Jharkhandi’s  are  there in Assam , Andaman &Nicobar Islands,Orissa, W.B,  M.P ,Chattisgarh.
  • Religious statics are Hindu – 68.7%, Muslims-  13.8% ,sarna-13%,           christians-7%.
  • Various dances  are 
  • Jhumar dance – Celebrated  during harvest season. It shows happiness of man.
  • Paika dance – Celebrated during festival and weddings. Dance is performed by males with tradional weapons like shield & sword.  Musical Instruments are Nagara,Dhola and shehnai.
  • Phagua – Celebrated during holi in which dancers  throw coloured powder on each other.
  • Chau dance – It is the chief Tribal dance of Jharkhand.
  • Major festivals are  Karma,Ram Navami, Diwali,Holi,Durga Puja,Id, Christmas and  Nayakhani .    

ECONOMY  
  • Jharkhand is No. 1 in production of Iron Ore, Copper Ore , Mica, Asbestos, Sillimanite and Uranium in India. 
  • Also It is 3rd in Coal, 6th in Gold, 8th in Graphites in India.
  • Largest steel plant in Asia is Bokaro steel plant.
  • 1st methane gas well in the country.
  • Biggest Explosive factory in India was in Gomeo.
  • 1st  Steel and Iron factory was set in jamshedpur .
Bit, mesra PREMIER ENGG. COLLEGE OF INDIA. IT WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1972.
Bit, sindri PREMIER ENGG. COLLLEGE OF  STATE. ESTABLISHED IN 1949.
Xlri ,jamshedpur REPUTED MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE OF OUR COUNTRY. IT’S RANK IS 2ND   JUST   AFTER IIM, AHMEDABAD.  
  central institute of psychiatry, kanke       


SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
Health
  • Jharkhand has a very salubrious Climate.
  • Central Institute of Psychiatry is located in Ranchi.
Education
  • Literacy rate is  59.6% .
  • There are 4 University and 1 Deemed University.
Sports
  • A dominating force in men & women Hockey Team.
  • Major games are Hockey, Football & Cricket.
  • Dhoni  Captain of Indian Cricket team is from Ranchi.
Netarhat, Gumla
  Beautiful sunrise in Netarhat
Patratu valley ,Ranchi

Patratu valley ,Ranchi
 forest part of hazaribagh
Betla national park
Bhubaneshwari temple
Srisailam temple
Baba dham,  deoghar
g.e.l church ,jharkhand
Waterfall
 traditional tribal dance
          tribal art

          tribal art

ICONS OF JHARKHAND
BIRSA MUNDA

Great  freedom fighter of  India. A War for  freedom was led by him.


JAIPAL SINGH MUNDA | Founding father of jharkhand. He was the captain of gold medalist indian hockey team in 1928.


KARTIK ORAON | He was the minister for aviation and communication ,govt. of india.He was founding director of hec,ranchi. 
Cardinal telesphore placide toppo
DR RAMDAYAL MUNDA | HE IS THE EX VICE CHANCELOR OF RANCHI UNIVERSITY. HE WAS ALSO  A   LEADING PERSON IN JHARKHAND MOVEMENT.
M.S.DHONI | HE IS THE CAPTAIN OF INDIA.HE LED HIS COUNTRY TO WIN THE T-20 WORLD CUP.
Priyanka Chopra SHE IS THE BOLLYWOOD ACTRESS FROM JAMSHEDPUR
 THE LEADING HOCKEY PLAYERS FROM JHARKHAND. THE PART OF HOCKEY TEAM WINNING GOLD MEDAL IN COMMONWEALTH GAMES IN 2002.
Problems  faced  by jharkhand

  • NAXALITE THREAT –A grave threat for peacefulness.   
  • INDUSTRILIAZATION – It is  a Blessing as well as Curse.
  • EXTINCTION – Standing at the verge of loosing its Many Traditions,Languages and Culture.    

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