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HORTNET http://hortnet.ap.nic.in



The project HORTNET - Horticultural Informatics Network perhaps is first of its kind in the e-Agriculture history of the country, where total transparency has been ensured in all the processes of workflow i.e., online application filing, authentication, processing and online payment to the beneficiary’s bank account besides SMS based e-alerting is being done online effectively and efficiently. The objective of the project is to promote holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, roots and tuber crops, mushroom, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, cashew and cocoa. 
Farmers can apply online 24x7, from anywhere for the schemes of Horticulture Department by avoiding middlemen. They can also check the status of their application online. The system credits the subsidies to farmers bank accounts directly and intimates the same to their mobiles via SMS. The monthly progress reporting and its consolidation helps in conducting review meetings and release of funds. The system helps in releasing of funds transparently based on actual reports. The system automates the complete workflow in beneficiary selection and subsidy and input supplies distribution. The system is interfaced with Bank software so that acquitances are immediately effected. It communicates to the beneficiaries through SMS.
The project HORTNET was started to bring total transparency, for digital inclusion of farming community, to avoid delays, to remove subjectivity, to eliminate errors associate with manual systems and to link all stakeholders. The scope of the system is entire country wherever the National Horticulture Mission Project is being implemented. The Horticulture Department, Andhra Pradesh got Horticulture Leadership Award 2010 for streamlining dataflow. The web-based work flow system has been developed as a pilot in Andhra Pradesh for National Horticulture Mission by National Informatics Centre (NIC).
For more details on HORTNET, please visit http://hortnet.ap.nic.in

Post Matric Scholarships for Scheduled Castes /Scheduled Tribes Students


The Post Matric Scholarships enables a considerable number of Scheduled Caste students to obtain post-matric and higher level of education resulting in their over all educational and economic development. The Scheme provides for 100 per cent Central Assistance to the State Governments and UT Administrations over and above the respective committed liability of the State/UT. The committed liability of the North Eastern States has, however, been dispensed with. The scheme presently covers over 30 lakh Scheduled Caste students.
 

Former Chief Ministers of Bihar


Shri Krishna Singh ( 02.04.1946 - 31.01.1961 )
Shri Deep Narayan Singh ( 01.02.1961-18.02.1961 )
Shri Binonand Jha 18.02.1961-02.10.1963
Shri KB Sahay ( 02.10.1963-05.03.1967)
Shri Mahamaya Prasad Sinha ( 05.03.1967-28.01.968 )
Shri Satish Prasad Singh (28.01.1968-01.02.1968)
Shri B P Mandal (01.02.1968-02.03.1968)
Shri Bhola Paswan Shastri (22.03.1968 - 29.06.1968),
(22.06.1969 - 04.07.1969), (02.06.1971 - 09.01.1971) Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(29.06.1968-26.02.1969) Shri Harihar Pd. Singh
(26.02.1969 - 22.06.1969) Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(06.07.1969 - 16.02.1970) Shri Daroga Prasad Ray
(16.02.1970 - 22.12.1970) Shri Karpoori Thakur
(22.12.1970 - 02.06.1971) Shri Satish Prasad Singh
28.01.1968-01.02.1968 Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(09.01.1972 - 19.03.1972) Shri Kedar Pandey
( 19.03.1972 - 02.07.1973) Shri Abdul Gafoor
(02.07.1973 - 11.04.1975) Shri Dr. jagannath Mishra
(11.04.1975 - 30.04.1977) (08.06.1980 - 14.08.1983)
(06.12.1989 - 10.03.1990) Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(30.04.1977 - 24.06.1977) Shri Karpoori Thakur
(24.06.1977 - 21.04.1979) Shri Ram Sundar Das
(21.04.1979 - 17.02.1980) Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(17.02.1980 - 08.06.1980) Shri Chandra Shekhar Singh
(14.08.1983 - 12.03.1985) Shri Bindeswari Dubey
(12.03.1985 - 13.02.1988) Shri Bhagwat Jha Azad
(14.02.1988 - 10.03.1889) Shri Satyendra Narayan Singh
(11.03.1989 - 06.12.1989) Shri Laloo Prasad
(10.03.1990 - 03.04.1995) (04.04.1995 - 25.07.1997) Smt. Rabri Devi
(25.07.1997 - 11.02.1999) (09.03.1999 - 02.03.2000) (11.03.2000 - 06.03.2005) Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(12.02.1999 - 08.03.1999) Government under Artilce-356 of constitution
(07.03.2005 - 24.11.2005) Shri Nitish Kumar
(03.03.2000 - 10.03.2000) (24.11.2005 - Till Date)

Statistical Information Of Bihar | Based on Census 2011


 Physical Features

Latitude  24°-20'-10" ~ 27°-31'-15" N

Longitude 82°-19'-50" ~ 88°-17'-40" E

Rural Area 92,257.51 sq. kms

Urban Area 1,095.49 sq. kms

Total Area 94,163.00 sq. kms

Height above Sea-Level 173 Feet

Normal Rainfall 1,205 mm

Avg. Number of Rainy Days 52.5 Days in a Year



 Administrative Units

Divisions 9

Districts 38

Sub-Divisions 101

CD Blocks 534

Panchayats 8,471

Number of Revenue Villages 45,103

Number of Urban Agglomerations 14

Number of Towns 199
  - Statutory Towns 139
  - Non-Statutory Towns 60

Police Stations 853
  - Civil Police Stations 813
  - Railway Police Stations 40

Police Districts 43
  - Civil Police District 39
  - Railway Police District 4

 Key Statistics - as per 2011 Census (Provisional)

Population 10,38,04,637
  - Male 5,41,85,347
  - Female 4,96,19,290

Population (0~6 Years Group)
  - In Absolute Numbers 1,85,82,229
Male 96,15,280
Female 89,66,949
  - Percentage of Total Population 17.90%
Male 17.75%
Female 18.07%

Literacy
  - In Absolute Numbers 5,43,90,254
Male  3,27,11,975
Female 2,16,78,279
  - Percentage of Total Population 63.82%

Male 73.39%

Female 53.33%

Decadal Population Growth (2001-2011) 
  - Absolute 2,08,06,128
  - As Percentage 25.07%

Highest Decadal Growth at Madhepura District (30.65%)

Lowest Decadal Growth at Gopalganj District (18.83%)
  - Civil Police Stations 813
  - Railway Police Stations 40

Density of Population 1,102 per sq kms
  - Highest Density Sheohar, 1882 per sq kms
  - Lowest Density Kaimur, 488 per sq kms

Most Populous District Patna: 57,72,804

Least Populous District Sheikhpura: 6,34,927

Sex Ratio (Females/Thousand Males) 916
  - Highest Ratio (Gopalganj) 1,015
  - Lowest Ratio (Munger and Bhagalpur) 879

Highest Literacy Rate Rohtas, 75.59%

Lowest Literacy Rate Purnia, 52.49%

Average Population of a District 27,31,701

NGO Partnership System


Planning Commission of India invites all Voluntary Organizations / Non-Governmental Organizations to Sign Up on the NGO Partnership System (NGO-PS) at http://ngo.india.gov.in
This will enable you to:
  • Get details of existing VOs / NGOs across India
  • Get details of grant schemes of key Ministries/Departments
  • Apply on - line for NGO grants
  • Track status of your application for grants
This is a free facility located in the Planning Commission in association with National Informatics Centre to bring about greater partnership between government & the voluntary sector and foster better transparency, efficiency and accountability.
 Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Ministry of Women & Child Development, Department of Higher Education, Department of School Education & Literacy, Council for Advancement of People's Action and Rural Technology (CAPART)

Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna


This programme was launched in April, 1999. This is a holistic programme covering all aspects of self employment such as organisation of the poor into self help groups, training, credit, technology, infrastructure and marketing.

Objective:
The objective of SGSY is to provide sustainable income to the rural poor. The programme aims at establishing a large number of micro-enterprises in the rural areas, based upon the potential of the rural poor. It is envisaged that every family assisted under SGSY will be brought above the poverty-line with in a period of three years.

Scope:
This programme covers families below poverty line in rural areas of the country. Within this target group, special safeguards have been provided by reserving 50% of benefits for SCs/STs, 40% for women and 3% for physically handicapped persons. Subject to the availability of the funds, it is proposed to cover 30% of the rural poor in each block in the next 5 years.

Funding:
SGSY is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and funding is shared by the Central and State Governments in the ratio of 75:25 respectively.

Strategy:
SGSY is a Credit-cum-Subsidy programme. It covers all aspects of self-employment, such as organisation of the poor into self-help groups, training, credit technology, infrastructure and marketing. Efforts would be made to involve women members in each self-help group. SGSY lays emphasis on activity clusters. Four-five activities will be identified for each block with the approval of Panchayat Samities. The Gram sabha will authenticate the list of families below the poverty line identified in BPL census. Identification of individual families suitable for each key activity will be made through a participatory process. Closer attention will be paid on skill development of the beneficiaries, known as swarozgaris, and their technology and marketing needs.

How to Seek Assistance:
For assistance under the programme, District Rural Development Agencies and Block Development Officers may be contacted.

Jawahar Gram Samriddhi Yojna


The critical importance of rural infrastructure in the development of village economy is well known. A number of steps have been initiated by the Central as well as the State Governments for building the rural infrastructure. The public works programme have also contributed significantly in this direction.

Objective:
Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojna (JGSY) is the restructured, streamlined and comprehensive version of the erstwhile Jawahar Rozagar Yojana. Designed to improve the quality of life of the poor, JGSY has been launched on 1st April, 1999. The primary objective of the JGSY is the creation of demand driven community village infrastructure including durable assets at the village level and assets to enable the rural poor to increase the opportunities for sustained employment. The secondary objective is the generation of supplementary employment for the unemployed poor in the rural areas. The wage employment under the programme shall be given to Below Poverty Line(BPL) families.

Scope:
JGSY is implemented entirely at the village Panchayat level. Village Panchayat is the sole authority for preparation of the Annual Plan and its implementation.

Funding:
The programme will be implemented as Centrally Sponsored Scheme on cost sharing basis between the Centre and the State in the ratio of 75:25 respectively.

Strategy:
The programme is to be implemented by the Village Panchayats with the approval of Gram sabha. No other administrative or technical approval will be required. For works/schemes costing more than 50,000/-, after taking the approval of the Gram Sabah, the Village Panchayat shall seek the technical/administrative approval of appropriate authorities. Panchayats may spend upto 15% of allocation on maintenance of assets created under the programme within its geographical boundary. 22.5% of JGSY funds have been enmarked for individual beneficiary schemes for SC/STs. 3% of annual allocation would be utilised for creation of barrier free infrastructure for the disabled. The funds to the Village Panchayats will be allocated on the basis of the population. The upper ceiling of 10,000 population has been removed.

How to Seek Assistance:
Village Pradhan, Panchayat members, Block Development Officer, District Collector or District Rural Development Agency may be contacted.

Indira Aawas Yojna


 Indira Aawas Yojna is the flagship rural housing scheme which is being implemented by the Government of India with an aim of providing shelter to the poor below poverty line. The Government of India has decided that allocation of funds under IAY (Indira Awas Yojna)will be on the basis of poverty ratio and housing shortage.

Objective:
The objective of  Indira Aawas Yojna is primarily to help construction of new dwelling units as well as conversion of unserviceable kutcha houses into pucca/semi-pucca by members of SC/STs, freed bonded labourers and also non-SC/ST rural poor below the poverty line by extending them grant-in-aid.

Scope:
IAY is a beneficiary-oriented programme aimed at providing houses for SC/ST households who are victims of atrocities, households headed by widows/unmarried women and SC/ST households who are below the poverty line. This scheme has been in effect from 1st April, 1999.

Funding:
IAY is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme funded on cost sharing basis between the Govt. of India and the States in the ratio of 75:25 respectively.

Strategy:
Grant of Rs. 20,000/- per unit is provided in the plain areas and Rs. 22,000/- in hilly/difficult areas for the construction of a house. For conversion of a kutcha house into in pucca house, Rs. 10,000/- is provided. Sanitary laterines and chulahs are integral part of the house. In construction/upgradation of the house, cost effective and enviornment friendly technologies, materials and designs are encouraged. The household is alloted in the name of a female member of beneficiary household.

How to Seek Assistance:
The person concerned should contact the Village Panchayat or Village Level Worker or the Block Development Officer or District Rural Development Agency.

DRDA Administration


District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) has traditionally been the principal organ at the District level to oversee the implementation of the anti-poverty programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development. Created originally for implementation of Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), the DRDAs were subsequently entrusted with a number of programmes, both of the Central and State Governments. Since inception, the administrative costs of the DRDA (District Rural Development Agency) were met by setting aside a part of the allocations for each programme. Of late, the number of programmes had increased and several programmes have been restructured with a view to making them more effective. While an indicative staffing structure was provided to the DRDAs, experience showed that there was no uniformity in the staffing structure. It is in this context that a new centrally sponsored scheme - DRDA Administration - has been introduced from 1st April, 1999 based on the recommendations of an inter-ministerial committee known as Shankar Committee. The new scheme replaces the earlier practice of allocating percentage of programme funds to the administrative costs.

Objective:
The objective of the scheme of DRDA (District Rural Development Agency) Administration is to strengthen the DRDAs and to make them more professional and effective. Under the scheme, DRDA is visualised as specialised agency capable of managing anti-poverty programmes of the Ministry on the one hand and effectively relate these to the overall efforts of poverty eradication in the district on the other.

Funding:
The funding pattern of the programme will be in the ratio of 75:25 between the Centre and the States.

Strategy:
The DRDA will continue to watch over and ensure effective utilisation of the funds intended for anti-poverty programmes. It will need to develop distinctive capabilities for poverty eradication. It will perform tasks which are different from Panchayati Raj Institutions and line departments. The DRDAs would deal only with the anti-poverty programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development. If DRDAs are to be entrusted with programmes of other Ministries or those of the State Governments, it must be ensured that these have a definite anti-poverty focus. In respect of such States where DRDA does not have a separate identity and separate accounts.

Community Development


The State Govt. launched a scheme in 1980-81 to enable the members of legislature to execute the small schemes of their choice that are developmental and are based on immediate felt local needs, as per the guidelines issued for this purpose. Under this scheme Rs.50.00 lakh has to be provided to each member of the State Legislative.

Objective:
The objective of this scheme is to facilitate immediate execution of locally important schemes, whose execution may otherwise span over a large period - as per the list of Do's and Don't indicated in the guidelines.

Funding:
This is a State Plan Scheme whose expenditure is fully borne by the State Government.

Execution:
Each legislator is supposed to indicate choice of schemes to the tune of Rs fifty lakhs per year to br taken up in his/her constituency to the concerned Deputy Development Commissioner, which will get them implemented by following the established procedures contained in the guidelines and circulars issued by the Rural Development Department.

Contact Info:
Local MLA/MLC may be contacted for schemes to be taken up under Community Development Programme.

Drought-Prone Areas Programme


The Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) aims at mitigating the adverse effects of drought on the production of crops and livestock and productivity of land, water and human resources. It strives to encourage restoration of ecological balance and seeks to improve the economic and social conditions of the poor and the disadvantaged sections of the rural community.

Scope:
DPAP is a people's programme with Government assistance. There is a special arrangement for maintenance of assets and social audit by Panchayati Raj Institutions. Development of all categories of land belonging to Gram Panchayats, Government and individuals fall within the limits of the selected watersheds for development.

Funding:
Allocation is to be shared equally by the Centre and State Govt. on 75:25 basis. Watershed community is to contribute for maintenance of assets created. Utilisation of 50% of allocation under the Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) is for the watershed development. Funds are directly released to Zila Parishads/District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs) to sanction projects and release funds to Watershed Committees and Project Implementation Agencies.

Strategy:
Village community, including self-help/user groups, undertake area development by planning and implementation of projects on watershed basis through Watershed Associations and Watershed Committees constituted from among themselves. The Government supplements their work by creating social awareness, imparting training and providing technical support through project implementation agencies.

How to Seek Assistance:
Non-Government organisations can approach the District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) for appointment as Project Implementation Agencies.

Credit-cum-Subsidy Scheme for Rural Housing


There were a large number of households in the rural areas which could not be covered under the IAY, as either they do not fall into the range of eligibility or due to the limits imposed by the available budget. On the other hand due to limited repayment capacity, these rural households cannot take benefit of fully loan based schemes offered by some of the housing finance institutions. The need of this majority can be met through a scheme which is part credit and part subsidy based.

Objective:
The objective of this scheme for rural housing is to facilitate construction of houses for rural families who have some repayment capacity. The scheme aims at eradicating shelterlessness from the rural area of the country.

Scope:
The scheme provides shelter to rural families who have not been coveted under IAY and who are desirous of possessing a house. All rural households having annual income up to Rs. 32,000/- are covered under this scheme.

Funding:
The funds are shared by the Centre and the State in the ratio of 75:25 respectively.

Strategy:
Rural poor just above the poverty line are entitled to get the benefits of the scheme. A maximum subsidy of Rs. 10,000/- per unit is provided for the construction of a house. Sanitary latrine and smokeless chulha are integral part of the house. Cost effective and enviornment friendly technologies, materials, designs, etc. are encouraged. Sixty per cent (60%) of the houses are allocated to SC/ST rural poor.

How to Seek Assistance:
State Governments decide the implementing agency, which may be the State Housing Board, State Housing Corporation, specified scheduled Commercial bank, Housing Finance Institution or the DRDA/ZP. The person desirous of getting benefit of the scheme may approach the implementing agency.

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