The constitutional head of the Government of Bihar is the Governor, who is appointed by the President of India. The real executive power rests with the Chief Minister and the cabinet. The political party or the coalition of political parties having a majority in the Legislative Assembly forms the Government.
The head of the bureaucracy of the State is the Chief Secretary. Under this position, is a hierarchy of officials drawn from the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, and different wings of the State Civil Services. The judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice. Bihar has a High Court which has been functioning since 1916. All the branches of the government are located in the state capital, Patna.
The state is divided into 09 divisions and 38 districts, for administrative purposes. The various districts included in the divisions - Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger and Magadh Division, are as listed below.
List of District and Division
|Darbhanga||Darbhanga||Begusarai, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur|
|Kosi||Saharsa||Madhepura, Saharsa, Supaul|
|Magadh||Gaya||Arwal, Aurangabad, Gaya, Jehanabad, Nawada|
|Munger||Munger||Jamui, Khagaria, Munger, Lakhisarai, Sheikhpura|
|Patna||Patna||Bhojpur, Buxar, Kaimur, Patna, Rohtas, Nalanda|
|Purnia||Â Purnia||Araria, Katihar, Kishanganj, Purnia|
|Saran||Chapra||Gopalganj, Saran, Siwan|
|Tirhut||Muzaffarpur||East Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Vaishali, West Champaran|
Block List of Bihar
|1||Araria||Araria, Bhargama, Forbesganj, Jokihat, Kursakatta, Narpatganj, Palasi, Raniganj, Sikti|
|2||Arwal||Arwal, Kaler, Karpi, Kurtha, Sonbhadra Banshi Suryapur|
|3||Aurangabad||Aurangabad, Barun, Daudnagar, Deo, Goh, Haspura, Kutumba, Madanpur, Nabinagar, Obra, Rafiganj|
|4||Banka||Amarpur, Banka, Barahat, Bausi, Belhar, Chanan, Dhuraiya, Katoria, Phulidumar, Rajaun, Shambhuganj|
|5||Begusarai||Bachhwara, Bakhri, Balia, Barauni, Begusarai, Bhagwanpur, Birpur, Cheria Bariarpur, Chhorahi, Dandari, Garhpura, Khudabandpur, Mansurchak, Matihani, Naokothi, Sahebpur Kamal, Shamho Akha Kurha, Teghra|
|6||Bhagalpur||Bihpur, Gopalpur, Goradih, Ismailpur, Jagdishpur, Kahalgaon, Kharik, Narayanpur, Nathnagar, Naugachhia, Pirpainti, Rangra Chowk, Sabour Shahkund, Sonhaula, Sultanganj|
|7||Bhojpur||Agiaon, Arrah, Barhara, Behea, Charpokhari, Garhani, Jagdishpur, Koilwar, Piro, Sahar, Sandesh, Shahpur, Tarari, Udwant Nagar|
|8||Buxar||Barhampur, Buxar, Chakki, Chaugain, Chausa, Dumraon, Itarhi, Kesath, Nawanagar, Rajpur, Simri|
|9||Darbhanga||Alinagar, Bahadurpur, Baheri, Benipur, Biraul, Darbhanga, Ghanshyampur, Gora Bauram, Hanumannagar, Hayaghat, Jale, Keotiranway, Kiratpur, Kusheshwar Asthan, Kusheshwar Asthan Purbi, Manigachhi, Singhwara, Tardih|
|10||E.Champaran(Motihari)||Adapur, Areraj, Banjaria, Bankatwa, Chakia(Pipra), Chiraia, Dhaka, Ghorasahan, Harsidhi, Kalyanpur, Kesaria, Kotwa, Madhuban, Mehsi, Motihari, Narkatia, Paharpur, Pakri Dayal, Patahi, Phenhara, Piprakothi, Ramgarhwa, Raxaul, Sangrampur, Sugauli, Tetaria, Turkaulia|
|11||Gaya||Amas, Atri, Banke Bazar, Barachatti, Belaganj, Bodh Gaya, Dobhi, Dumaria, Fatehpur, Gaya Town CD Block, Guraru, Gurua, Imamganj, Khizirsarai, Konch, Manpur, Mohanpur, Muhra, Neem Chak Bathani, Paraiya, Sherghati, Tan Kuppa, Tikari, Wazirganj|
|12||Gopalganj||Baikunthpur, Barauli, Bhorey, Bijaipur, Gopalganj, Hathua, Katiya, Kuchaikote, Manjha, Pach Deuri, phulwaria, Sidhwalia, Thawe, Uchkagaon|
|13||Jamui||Barhat, Chakai, Gidhaur, Islamnagar Aliganj, Jamui, Jhajha, Khaira, Lakshmipur, Sikandra, Sono|
|14||Jehanabad||Ghoshi, Hulasganj, Jehanabad, Kako, Makhdumpur, Modanganj, Ratni Faridpur|
|15||Kaimur||Adhaura, Bhabua, Bhagwanpur, Chainpur, Chand, Durgawati, Kudra, Mohania, Nuaon, Ramgarh, Rampur|
|16||Katihar||Amdabad, Azamnagar, Balrampur, Barari, Barsoi, Dandkhora, Falka, Hasanganj, Kadwa, katihar, Korha, Kursela, Manihari, Mansahi, Pranpur, Sameli|
|17||Khagaria||Alauli, Beldaur, Chautham, Gogri, Khagaria, Mansi, Parbatta|
|18||Kishanganj||Bahadurganj, Dighalbank, Kishanganj, Kochadhamin, Pothia, Terhagachh, Thakurganj|
|19||Lakhisarai||Barahiya, Halsi, Lakhisarai, Pipariya, Ramgarh Chowk, Surajgarha|
|20||Madhepura||Alamnagar, Bihariganj, Chausa, Gamharia, Ghailarh, Gwalpara, Kumarkhand, Madhepura, Murliganj, Puraini, Shankarpur, Singheshwar, Uda Kishanganj|
|21||Madhubani||Andhratharhi, Babubarhi, Basopatti, Benipatti, Bisfi, Ghoghardiha, Harlakhi, Jainagar, Jhanjharpur, Kaluahi, Khajauli, Khutauna, Ladania, Lakhnaur Laukahi, Madhepur, Madhubani, Madhwapur, Pandaul, Phulparas, Rajnagar|
|22||Munger||Asarganj, Bariarpur, Dharhara, Jamalpur, Kharagpur, Munger, Sangrampur, Tarapur, Tetiha Bambor|
|23||Muzaffarpur||Aurai, Bandra, Baruraj (Motipur), Bochaha, Dholi (Moraul), Gaighat, Kanti, Katra, Kurhani, Marwan, Minapur, Musahari, Paroo, Sahebganj, Sakra, Saraiya|
|24||Nalanda||Asthawan, Ben, Bihar, Bind, Chandi, Ekangarsarai, Giriak, Harnaut, Hilsa, Islampur, Karai Parsurai, Katrisarai, Nagarnausa, Noorsarai, Parbalpur, Rahui, Rajgir, Sarmera, Silao, Tharthari|
|25||Nawada||Akbarpur, Gobindpur, Hisua, Kashi Chak, Kawakol, Meskaur, Nardiganj, Narhat, Nawada, Pakribarawan, Rajauli, Roh, Sirdala, Warisaliganj|
|26||Patna||Athmalgola, Bakhtiarpur, Barh, Belchhi, Bihta, Bikram, Danapur-Cum-Khagaul, Daniawan, Dhanarua, Dulhin Bazar, Fatwah, Ghoswari, Khusrupur, Maner, Masaurhi, Mokameh, Naubatpur, Paliganj, Pandarak, Patna Sadar, Phulwari, Punpun, Sampatchak|
|27||Purnia||Amour, Baisa, Baisi, Banmankhi, Barhara, Bhawanipur, Dagarua, Dhamdaha, Jalalgarh, Kasba, Krityanand Nagar, Purnia East, Rupauli, Srinagar|
|28||Rohtas||Akorhi Gola, Bikramganj, Chenari, Dawath, Dehri, Dinara, Karakat, Kargahar, Kochas, Nasriganj, Nauhatta, Nokha, Rajpur, Rohtas, Sanjhauli, Sasaram, Sheosagar, Suryapura, Tilouthu|
|29||Saharsa||Banma Itahri, Kahara, Mahishi, Nauhatta, Patarghat, Salkhua, Satar Kataiya, Saur Bazar, Simri Bakhtiarpur, Sonbarsa|
|30||Samastipur||Bibhutpur, Bithan, Dalsinghsarai, Hasanpur, Kalyanpur, Khanpur, Mohanpur, Mohiuddinagar, Morwa, Patori, Pusa, Rosera, Samastipur, Sarairanjan, Shivaji Nagar, Singhia, Tajpur, Ujiarpur, Vidyapati Nagar, Warisnagar|
|31||Saran||Amnour, Baniapur, Chapra, Dariapur, Dighwara, Ekma, Garkha, Ishupur, Jalalpur, Lahladpur, Maker, Manjhi, Marhaura, Mashrakh, Nagra, Panapur, Parsa, Revelganj, Sonepur, Taraiya|
|32||Seikhpura||Ariari, Barbigha, Chewara, Ghat Kusumbha, Sheikhpura, Shekhopur Sarai|
|33||Sheohar||Dumri Katsari, Piprarhi, Purnahiya, Sheohar, Tariani Chowk|
|34||Sitamarhi||Bairgania, Bajpatti, Bathnaha, Belsand, Bokhara, Charaut, Dumra, Majorganj, Nanpur, Parihar, Parsauni, Pupri, Riga, Runisaidpur, Sonbarsa, Suppi, Sursand|
|35||Siwan||Andar, Barharia, Basantpur, Bhagwanpur Hat, Darauli, Daraundha, Goriakothi, Guthani, Hasanpura, Hussainganj, Lakri Nabiganj, Maharajganj, Mairwa, Nautan, Pachrukhi, Raghunathpur, Siswan, Siwan, Ziradei|
|36||Supaul||Basantpur, Chhatapur, Kishanpur, Marauna, Nirmali, Pipra, Pratapganj, Raghopur, Saraigarh Bhaptiyahi, Supaul, Tribeniganj|
|37||Vaishali||Bhagwanpur, Bidupur, Chehra Kalan, Desri, Goraul, Hajipur, Jandaha, Lalganj, Mahnar, Mahua, Patepur, Paterhi Belsar, Raghopur, Raja Pakar, Sahdai Buzurg, Vaishali|
|38||W.Champaran(Bettiah)||Bagaha, Bairia, Bettiah, Bhitaha, Chanpatia, Gaunaha, Jogapatti, Lauriya, Madhubani, Mainatanr, Majhaulia, Narkatiaganj, Nautan, Piprasi, Ramnagar, Sidhaw, Sikta, Thakrahan|
Cinema of Bihar
Bihar has a robust cinema industry for the Bhojpuri language. There are some small Maithili, Angika and Magadhi film industry. First Bhojpuri Film was Ganga Jamuna released in 1961."Lagi nahin chute ram" was the all-time superhit Bhojpuri film which was released against "Mugle Azam" but was a superhit in all the eastern and northern sector. Bollywood's Nadiya Ke Paar is among the most famous Bhojpuri language movie. The first Maithili movie was Kanyadan released in 1965, of which a significant portion was made in the Maithili language. Bhaiyaa a Magadhi film was released in 1961. Bhojpuri's history begins in 1962 with the well-received film Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo ("Mother Ganges, I will offer you a yellow sari"), which was directed by Kundan Kumar.Throughout the following decades, films were produced only in fits and starts. Films such as Bidesiya ("Foreigner", 1963, directed by S. N. Tripathi) and Ganga ("Ganges", 1965, directed by Kundan Kumar) were profitable and popular, but in general Bhojpuri films were not commonly produced in the 1960s and 1970s.
In the 1980s, enough Bhojpuri films were produced to tentatively make up an industry. Films such as Mai ("Mom", 1989, directed by Rajkumar Sharma) and Hamar Bhauji ("My Brother's Wife", 1983, directed by Kalpataru) continued to have at least sporadic success at the box office. However, this trend faded out by the end of the decade, and by 1990, the nascent industry seemed to be completely finished.
The industry took off again in 2001 with the super hit Saiyyan Hamar ("My Sweetheart", directed by Mohan Prasad), which shot the hero of that film, Ravi Kissan, to superstardom. This success was quickly followed by several other remarkably successful films, including Panditji Batai Na Biyah Kab Hoi ("Priest, tell me when I will marry", 2005, directed by Mohan Prasad) and Sasura Bada Paisa Wala ("My father-in-law, the rich guy", 2005). In a measure of the Bhojpuri film industry's rise, both of these did much better business in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar than mainstream Bollywood hits at the time, and both films, made on extremely tight budgets, earned back more than ten times their production costs.Sasura Bada Paisa Wala also introduced Manoj Tiwari, formerly a well-loved folk singer, to the wider audiences of Bhojpuri cinema. In 2008, he and Ravi Kissan are still the leading actors of Bhojpuri films, and their fees increase with their fame. The extremely rapid success of their films has led to dramatic increases in Bhojpuri cinema's visibility, and the industry now supports an awards show and a trade magazine, Bhojpuri City, which chronicles the production and release of what arenow over one hundred films per year. Many of the major stars of mainstream Bollywood cinema, including Amitabh Bachchan, have also recently worked in Bhojpuri films.
Media in Bihar
Biharbandhu was the first Hindi newspaper published from Bihar. It was started in 1872 by Madan Mohan Bhatta, a Maharashtrian Brahman settled in Biharsharif.Hindi journalism in Bihar, and specially Patna, could make little headway initially. It was mainly due to lack of respect for Hindi among the people at large. Many Hindi journals took birth and after a lapse of time vanished. Many journals were shelved even in the embryo. But once Hindi enlisted the official support, it started making a dent into the remote areas in Bihar. Hindi journalism also acquired wisdom and maturity and its longevity was prolonged. Hindi was introduced in the law courts in Bihar in 1880.
Urdu journalism and poetry has a glorious past in Bihar. Many poets belong to Bihar such as Shaad Azimabadi, Kaif Azimabadi, Kalim Ajiz and many more. Shanurahman, a world famous radio announcer, is from Bihar. Many Urdu dailies such as Qomi Tanzim and Sahara publish from Bihar at this time. There is a monthly Urdu magazine called "VOICE OF BIHAR" - which is the first of its kind and becoming popular among the Urdu speaking people.
The beginning of the twentieth century was marked by a number of notable new publications. A monthly magazine named Bharat Ratna was started from Patna in 1901. It was followed by Ksahtriya Hitaishi, Aryavarta from Dinapure, Patna, Udyoga and Chaitanya Chandrika. Udyog was edited by Vijyaanand Tripathy, a famous poet of the time and Chaitanya Chandrika by Krishna Chaitanya Goswami, a literary figures of that time. The literary activity was not confined to Patna alone but to many districts of Bihar.
Magahi Parishad, established in Patna in 1952, pioneered Magadhi journalism in Bihar. It started the monthly journal, Magadhi, which was later renamed Bihan.
DD Bihar and ETV Bihar are the television channels dedicated to Bihar. Recently[when?] a dedicated Bhojpuri channel, Mahuaa TV has been launched followed by Hamar TV and Maurya TV.
Hindustan, Dainik Jagran, Aaj, Nayee Baat and Prabhat Khabar are some of the popular Hindi news papers of Bihar. National English dailies like The Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Telegraph and The Economic Times have readers in the urban regions.
Transportation in Bihar
Bihar has two operational airports: Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna, and the Gaya Airport, Gaya. The Patna airport is connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Lucknow, Bangaluru, Hyderabad, Chennai, Pune and Ranchi.
The Patna airport is categorized as a restricted international airport, with customs facilities to receive international chartered flights.
It is also known as the most dangerous airport in India with a runway span of just around 6000 ft making landing of large planes like 747 and 777 impossible. Only small jets like A320, 737 etc. can land with full brakes,flaps and reverse thrust.
The Gaya Airport is an international airport connected to Colombo, Singapore, Bangkok, Paro and more.
Bihar is well-connected by railway lines to the rest of India. Most of the towns are interconnected, and they also are directly connected to Kolkata, Delhi and Mumbai. Patna, Gaya, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, Katihar, Barauni and Chhapra are Bihar's best-connected railway stations.
The state has a vast network of National and State highways. East-West corridor goes through the cities of Bihar (Muzaffarpur-Darbhanga-Purnia NH57) 4-6 lanes.
For Buddhist pilgrims, the best option for travel to Bihar is to reach Patna or Gaya, either by air or train, and then travel to Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, Rajgir and Vaishali. Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh also is not very far.
The Ganges â€“ navigable throughout the year â€“ was the principal river highway across the vast north Indo-Gangetic Plain. Vessels capable of accommodating five hundred merchants were known to ply this river in the ancient period; it served as a conduit for overseas trade, as goods were carried from Pataliputra (later Patna) and Champa (later Bhagalpur) out to the seas and to ports in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia. The role of Ganges as a channel for trade was enhanced by its natural links - it embraces all the major rivers and streams in both north and south Bihar.
In recent times Inland Waterways Authority of India has declared the Ganges between Allahabad and Haldia to be a national inland waterway and has taken steps to restore its navigability.
Tourism in Bihar
Bihar is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world, with a history spanning 3,000 years. The rich culture and heritage of Bihar is evident from the innumerable ancient monuments spread throughout the state. Bihar is visited by scores of tourists from all over the world, with around 6,000,000 (6 million) tourists visiting Bihar every year.
In earlier days, tourism in the region was purely based educational tourism, as Bihar was home of some prominent ancient universities like Nalanda University & Vikramaśīla University.
Bihar is one of the most sacred place for various religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and Islam.
Mahabodhi Temple, a Buddhist shrine and UNESCO World Heritage Site is also situated in Bihar. Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna, is the second longest river bridge in the world.
Contact Details of DM & SP
Contact Details of DM & SP of District of Bihar
|S.No.||District||District Magistrate (DM)||Superintendent of Police (SP)|
|Email ID||Contact No.||Email ID||Contact No.|
|1||Arariafirstname.lastname@example.org||(06453) 222001(O) 222102(R)||email@example.com||06453-222050, 06453-222333|
|2||Arwalfirstname.lastname@example.org||(06337) 228994(O) 228988(R)||email@example.com||06337-228639|
|3||Aurangabadfirstname.lastname@example.org||(06186) 223167(O) 223168(R)||email@example.com||06186-222175, 06186-222909|
|4||Bankafirstname.lastname@example.org||(06424) 232304(O) 232303(R)||email@example.com||06424-232306|
|5||Begusaraifirstname.lastname@example.org||(06243) 212885(O) 200584(R)||email@example.com||06243-223015 ,224019|
|6||Bhagalpurfirstname.lastname@example.org||(0641) 2400012(O) 2401202(R)||email@example.com||0641-2401003|
|7||Bhojpurfirstname.lastname@example.org||(06182) 221312(O) 223311(R )||email@example.com||06182-221320 ,223303|
|8||Buxarfirstname.lastname@example.org||(06183) 222336(O) 222335(R)||email@example.com||06183-222030, 222375|
|9||Darbhangafirstname.lastname@example.org||(06272) 240335(O) 240386(R)||email@example.com||06272-233430, 233326|
|10||E.Champaran(Motihari)||firstname.lastname@example.org||(06252) 222694(O) 242800(R)||email@example.com||06252-222684, 222912|
|11||Gayafirstname.lastname@example.org||(0631) 2420005(O) 2420008(R)||email@example.com||0631-2420003, 2420110|
|12||Gopalganjfirstname.lastname@example.org||(06156) 224661(O) 224662(R)||email@example.com||06156-224669, 224400|
|13||Jamuifirstname.lastname@example.org||(06345) 222002(O) 222001(R)||email@example.com||06345-222302, 222301|
|14||Jehanabadfirstname.lastname@example.org||(06114) 223072(O) 223001(R)||email@example.com||06114-223108, 223110|
|15||Kaimurfirstname.lastname@example.org||(06189) 223241(O) 223250(R)||email@example.com||06189-223211, 223672|
|16||Katiharfirstname.lastname@example.org||(06452) 222581(O) 222583(R)||email@example.com||06452-222601, 222602|
|17||Khagariafirstname.lastname@example.org||(06244) 221350(O) 222134(R)||email@example.com||06244-222086, 223519|
|18||Kishanganjfirstname.lastname@example.org||(06456) 222530(O) 222534(R)||email@example.com||06456-222338, 223138|
|19||Lakhisaraifirstname.lastname@example.org||(06346) 232124(O) 232490(R)||email@example.com||06346-222707, 222705|
|20||Madhepurafirstname.lastname@example.org||(06476) 222741(O) 222742(R)||email@example.com||06476-222004, 222003|
|21||Madhubanifirstname.lastname@example.org||(06276) 222217(O) 222218(R)||email@example.com||06276-223486, 223466|
|22||Mungerfirstname.lastname@example.org||(06344) 222402(O) 222401(R)||email@example.com||06344-222406, 222272|
|23||Muzaffarpurfirstname.lastname@example.org||(0621) 2212101(O) 2212105(R)||email@example.com||0621-2247797, 2242107|
|24||Nalandafirstname.lastname@example.org||(06112) 225203(O) 225204(R )||email@example.com||06112-225207, 223978|
|25||Nawadafirstname.lastname@example.org||(06324) 222253(O) 222240(R)||email@example.com||06324-222489, 222263|
|26||Patnafirstname.lastname@example.org||(0612) 2222545(O) 2222097(R )||email@example.com , firstname.lastname@example.org , email@example.com , firstname.lastname@example.org||0612-2224318,0612-2667393|
|27||Purniaemail@example.com||(06454) 222503(O) 222501Â®||firstname.lastname@example.org||06454-222508, 222502|
|29||Saharsaemail@example.com||(06478) 224102(O) 223601(R)||firstname.lastname@example.org||06478-224556, 225554|
|30||Samastipuremail@example.com||(06274) 222300(O) 222301(R)||firstname.lastname@example.org||06274-222034, 222034|
|31||Saranemail@example.com||(06152) 232301(O) 232302(R)||firstname.lastname@example.org||06152-232306, 06152-222720|
|32||Seikhpuraemail@example.com||(06341) 223041(O) 223100(R)||firstname.lastname@example.org||06341-23339, 23037|
|33||Sheoharemail@example.com||(06222) 257263(O) 257360(R)||firstname.lastname@example.org||06222-287345, 287344|
|34||Sitamarhiemail@example.com||(06226) 250439(O) 250405(R)||firstname.lastname@example.org||06226-220405, 220415|
|35||Siwanemail@example.com||(06154) 242099(O) 242098(R)||firstname.lastname@example.org||06154-222060, 222366|
|36||Supaulemail@example.com||(06473) 223112(O) 223111(R)||firstname.lastname@example.org||06473-223122, 223686|
|37||Vaishaliemail@example.com||(06224) 272201(O) 272503(R)||firstname.lastname@example.org||06224-272318, 272307|
|38||W.Champaran(Bettiah)||email@example.com||(06254) 232534(O) 232535(R)||firstname.lastname@example.org||06254-232563, 06254-248960|
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