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Guru Gobind Singh Ji



The tenth and the last Guru or Prophet-teacher of the Sikh faith, was born Gobind Rai Sodhi on Poh 7, 1723 sk/22 December 1666 at Patna, in Bihar. His father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, the Ninth Guru, was then travelling across Bengal and Assam. Returning to Patna in 1670, he directed his family to return to the Punjab. On the site of the house at Patna in which Gobind Rai was born and where he spent his early childhood now stands a sacred shrine, Takht Sri Harimandar Sahib, one of the five most honoured seats of religious authority (takht, lit. throne) for the Sikhs. Gobind Rai was escorted to Anandpur (then known as Chakk Nanaki)on the foothills of the Sivaliks where he reached in March 1672 and where his early education included reading and writing of Punjabi, Braj, Sanskrit and Persian. He was barely nine years of age when a sudden turn came in his life as well as in the life of tile community he was destined to lead. Early in 1675, a group Kashmiri Brahmans, drivels to desperation by the religious fanaticism of the Mughals General, Iftikar Khan, visited Anandpur to seek Guru Tegh Bahadur's intercession. As the Guru sat reflecting what to do, young Gobind Rai, arriving there in company with his playmates, asked Why he looked so preoccupied. The father, as records Kuir Singh in his Gurbilas Patshahi 10, replied, "Grave are the burdens the earth bears. She will be redeemed only if a truly worthy person comes forward to lay down his head. Distress will then be expunged and happiness ushered in." "None could be worthier than yourself to make such a sacrifice," remarked Gobind Rai in his innocent manner. Guru Tegh Bahadur soon aftenwards proceeded to the imperial capital, Delhi, and courted death on 11 November 1675. Kashmiri pundits meeting Guru Tegh Bahadur ji

Guru Gobind Singh was formally installed Guru on the Baisakhi day of 1733 Bk/29 March 1676. In the midst of his engagement with the concerns of the community, he gave attention to the mastery of physical skills and literary accomplishment. He had grown into a comely youth spare, lithe of limb and energetic. He had a natural genius for poetic composition and his early years were assiduously given to this pursuit. The Var Sri Bhagauti Ji Ki, popularly called Chandi di Var. written in 1684, was his first composition and his only major work in the Punjabi language. The poem depicted the legendary contest between the gods and the demons as described in the Markandeya Purana . The choice of a warlike theme for this and a number of his later compositions such as the two Chandi Charitras, mostly in Braj, was made to infuse martial spirit among his followers to prepare them to stand up against injustice and tyranny.

Much of Guru Gobind Singh's creative literary work was done at Paonta he had founded on the banks of the River Yamuna and to which site he had temporarily shifted in April 1685. Poetry as such was, however, not his aim. For him it was a means of revealing the divine principle and concretizing a personal vision of the Supreme Being that had been vouchsafed to him. His Japu and the composition known as Akal Ustati are in this tenor. Through his poetry he preached love and equality and a strictly ethical and moral code of conduct. He preached the worship of the One Supreme Being, deprecating idolatry and superstitious beliefs and observances. The glorification of the sword itself which he eulogized as Bhaguati was to secure fulfilment of God'sjustice. The sword was never meant as a symbol of aggression, and it was never to be used for self-aggrandizement. It was the emblem of manliness and self-respect and was to be used only in self-defence, as a last resort. For Guru Gobind Singh said in a Persian couplet in his Zafarnamah:

When all other means have failed,
It is but lawful to take to the sword.

During his stay at Paonta, Guru Gobind Singh availed himself of his spare time to practise different forms of manly exercises, such as riding, swimming and archery. His increasing influence among the people and the martial exercises of his men excited the jealousy of the neighbouring Rajpat hill rulers who led by Raja Fateh Chand of Garhval collected a host to attack him. But they were worsted in an action at Bhangam, about 10 km northeast of Paonta, on 18 Assu 1745 sk/18 September 1688. Soon there after Guru Gobind Singh left Paonta and returned to Gurdwara Anandpur Sahib Anandpur which he fortified in view of the continuing hostility of the Rajput chiefs as well as of the repressive policy of the imperial government at Delhi. The Guru and his Sikhs were involved in a battle with a Mughal commander, Alif Khan, at Nadaun on the left bank of the Beas, about 30 km southeast of Kangra, on 22 Chet 1747 Bk/20 March 1691. Describing the battle in stirring verse in Bachitra Natak, he said that Alif Khan fled in utter disarray "without being able to give any attention to his camp." Among several other skirmishes that occurred was the Husaim battle (20 Februaly 1696) fought against Husain K an, an imperial general, which resulted in a decisive victory for the Sikhs. Following the appointment in 1694 of the liberal Prince Muazzam (later Emperor Bahadur Shah) as viceroy of northwestern region including Punjab, there was however a brief respite from pressure from the ruling authority.

In 1698, Guru Gobind Singh issued directions to Sikh sangats or communities in different parts not to acknowledge masands, the local ministers, against whom he had heard complaints. Sikhs, he instructed, should come to Anandpur straight without any intermediaries and bring their offerings personally. The Guru thus established direct relationship with his Sikhs and addressed them as his Khalsa, Persian term used for crown-lands as distinguished from feudal chiefs. The institution of the Khalsa was given concrete form on 30 March 1699 when Sikhs had gathered at Anandpur in large numbers for the annual festival of Baisakhi. Gurb Gobind Singh appeared before the assembly dramatically on that day with a naked sword in hand and, to quote Kuir Singh, Gurbilas Patshahz 10, spoke: "Is there present a true Sikh who would offer his head to the Guru as a sacrifice?" The words numbed the audience who looked on in awed silence. The Gurb repeated the call. At the third call Daya Ram, a Sobti Khatri of Lahore, arose and humbly walked behind the Guru to a tent near by. The Gurb returned with his sword dripping blood, and asked for another head. At this Dharam Das, a Jat from Hastinapur, came forward and was taken inside the enclosure. Guru Gobind Singh made three more calls. Muhkam Chand, a washerman from Dvarka, Himmat, a water-carrier from Jagannath puri, and Sahib Chand, a barber from Bidar (Karnataka) responded one after another and advanced to offer their heads. All the five were led back from the tent dressed alike in saffron-coloured raiment topped over with neatly tied turbans similarly dyed, with swords dangling by their sides. Guru Gobind Singh then introduced khande da pahul, i.e. initiation by sweetened water churned with a double-edged broad sword (khanda). Those five Sikhs were the first to be initiated. Guru Gobind Singh called them Panj Piare, the five devoted spirits beloved of the Guru. These five, three of them from the so-called low-castes, a Ksatriya and a Jatt, formed the nucleus of the self-abnegating, martial and casteless fellowship of the Khalsa. Waah Waah Guru Gobind Singh Aape Gur ChelaAll of them surnamed Singh, meaning lion, were required to wear in future the five symbols of the Khalsa, all beginning with the letter K the kes or long hair and beard, kangha, a comb in the kes to keep it tidy as against the recluses who kept it matted in token of their having renounced the world, Kara, a steel bracelet, kachch, short breeches, and kirpan, a sword. They were enjoined to succour the helpless and fight the oppressor, to have faith in one God and to consider all human beings equal, irrespective of caste and creed. Guru Gobind Singh then himself received initiatory rites from five disciples, now invested with authority as Khalsa, and had his name changed from Gobind Rai to Gobind Singh. "Hail," as the poet subsequently sang, "Gobind Singh who is himself Master as well as disciple." Further injunctions were laid down for the Sikhs. They must never cut or trim their hair and beards, nor smoke tobacco. A Sikh must not have sexual relationship outside the marital bond, nor eat the flesh of an animal killed slowly in the Muslim way (or in any sacrificial ceremony). Darbar of Guru Gobind Singh ji Sacha Padishah

These developments alarmed the casteridden Rajput chiefs of the Sivalik hills. They rallied under the leadership of the Raja of Bilaspur, in whose territory lay Anandpur, to forcibly evict Guru Gobind Singh from his hilly citadel. Their repeated expeditions during 1700-04 however proved abortive . They at last petitioned Emperor Aurangzeb for help. In concert with contingents sent under imperial orders by the governor of Lahore and those of the faujdar of Sirhind, they marched upon Anandpur and laid a siege to the fort in Jeth 1762 sk/May 1705. Over the months, the Guru and his Sikhs firmly withstood their successive assaults despite dire scarcity of food resulting from the prolonged blockade. While the besieged were reduced to desperate straits, the besiegers too were chagrined at the tenacity with which the Sikhs held out. At this stagy the besiegers offered, on solemn oaths of Quran, safe exit to the Sikhs if they quit Anandpur. At last, the town was evacuated during the night of Poh suds 1, 1762 sk/5-6 December 1705. But soon, as the Guru and his Sikhs came out, the hill monarchs and their Mughal allies set upon them in full fury. In the ensuing confusion many Sikhs were killed and all of the Guru's baggage, including most of the precious manuscripts, was lost. The Guru himself was able to make his way to Chamkaur, 40 km southwest of Anandpur, with barely 40 Sikhs and his two elder sons. There the imperial army, following closely on his heels, caught up with him. His two sons, Ajit Singh (b. 1687) and Jujhar Singh (b. 1691) and all but five of the Sikhs fell in the action that took place on 7 December 1705. The five surviving Sikhs bade the Guru to save himself in order to reconsolidate the Khalsa. Guru Gobind Singh with three of his Sikhs escaped into the wilderness of the Malva, two of his Muslim devotees, Gani Khan and Nabi Khan, helping him at great personal risk.
Guru Gobind Singh ji in Battle

Guru Gobind Singh's two younger sons, Zorawar Singh (b. 1696) and Fateh Singh (b.1699), and his mother, Mata Gujari, were after the evacuation of Anandpur betrayed by their old servant and escort, Gangu, to the faujdar of Sirhind, who had the young children executed on 13 December 1705. Their grandmother died the same day. Befriended by another Muslim admirer, Ral Kalha of Raikot, Guru Gobind Singh reached Dina in the heart of the Malva. There he enlisted a few hundred warriors of the Brar clan, and also composed his famous letter, Zafarnamah or the Epistle of Victory, in Persian verse, addressed to Emperor Aurangzeb. The letter was a severe indictment of the Emperor and his commanders who had perjured their oath and treacherously attacked him once he was outside the safety of his fortification at Anandpur. It emphatically reiterated the sovereignty of morality in the affairs of State as much as in the conduct of human beings and held the means as important as the end. Two of the Sikhs, Daya Singh and Dharam Singh, were despatched with the Zafarnamah to Ahmadnagar in the South to deliver it to Aurangzeb, then in camp in that town.

From Dina, Guru Gobind Singh continued his westward march until, finding the host close upon his heels, he took position astride the water pool of Khidrana to make a last-ditch stand. The fighting on 29 December 1705 was hard and desperate. In spite of their overwhelming numbers, the Mughal troops failed to capture the Guru and had to retire in defeat. The most valorous part in this battle was played by a group of 40 Sikhs who had deserted the Guru at Anandpur during the long siege, but who, chided by their womenfolk at home, had come back under the leadership of a brave and devoted woman, Mai Bhago, to redeem themselves. They had fallen fighting desperately to check the enemy's advance towards the Guru's position. The Guru blessed the 40 dead as 40 mukte, i.e. the 40 Saved Ones. The site is now marked by a sacred shrine and tank and the town which has grown around them is called Muktsar, the Pool of liberations.

After spending some time in the Lakkhi Jungle country, Guru Gobind Singh arrived at Talvandi Sabo, now called Damdama Sahib, on 20 January 1706. During his stay there of over nine months, a number of Sikhs rejoined him. He prepared a fresh recension of Sikh Scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib, with the celebrated scholar, Bhai Mani Singh, as his amanuensis. From the number of scholars who had rallied round Guru Gobind Singh and from the literary activity initiated, the place came to be known as the Guru's Kashi or seat of learning like Varanasi.

The epistle Zafarnamah sent by Guru Gobind Singh from Dina seems to have touched the heart of Emperor Aurungzeb. He forthwith invited him for a meeting. According to Ahkam-i-Alamgiri, the Emperor had a letter written to the deputy governor of Lahore, Munim Khan, to conciliate the Guru and make the required arrangements for his journey to the Deccan. Guru Gobind Singh had, however, already left for the South on 30 October 1706. He was in the neighbourhood of Baghor, in Rajasthan, when the news arrived of the death of the Emperor at Ahmadnagar on 20 February 1707. The Guru there upon decided to return to the Punjab, via Shahjahanabad (Delhi) . That was the time when the sons of the deceased Emperor were preparing to contest succession. Guru Gobind Singh despatched for the help of the eldest claimant, the liberal Prince Muazzam, a token contingent of Sikhs which took part in the battle of Jajau (8 June 1707), decisively won by the Prince who ascended the throne with the title of Bahadur Shah. The new Emperor invited Guru Gobind Singh for a meeting which took place at Agra on 23 July 1707.

Emperor Bahadur Shah had at this time to move against the Kachhvaha Rajputs of Amber (Jaipur) and then to the Deccan where his youngest brother, Kam Baksh, had raised the standard of revolt. The Guru accompanied him and, as says Tarzkh-i-Bahadur Shahi, he addressed assemblies of people on the way preaching the word of Guru Nanak. The two camps crossed the River Tapti between 11 and 14 June 1708 and the Ban-Ganga on 14 August, arriving at Nanded, on the Godavari, towards the end of August. While Bahadur Shah proceeded further South, Guru Gobind Singh decided to stay awhile at Nanded. Here he met a Bairagi recluse, Madho Das, whom he converted a Sikh administering to him the vows of the Khalsa, renaming him Gurbakhsh Singh (popular name Banda Singh ). Guru Gobind Siligh gave Banda Singh five arrows from his own quiver and an escort, including five of his chosen Sikhs, and directed him to go to the Punjab and carry on the campaign against the tyranny of the provincial overlords.

Nawab Wazir Khan of Sirhind had felt concerned at the Emperor's conciliatory treatment of Guru Gobind Singh. Their marching together to the South made him jealous, and he charged two of his trusted men with murdering the Guru before his increasing friendship with the Emperor resulted in any harm to him. These two pathans Jamshed Khan and Wasil Beg are the names given in the Guru Kian Sakhian pursued the Guru secretly and overtook him at Nanded, where, according to Sri Gur Sobha by Senapati, Gurdwara Hemkund Sahib, Meditation place of Guru Gobind Singh ji a contemporary writer, one of them stabbed the Guru in the left side below the heart as he lay one evening in his chamber resting after the Rahrasi prayer. Before he could deal another blow, Guru Gobind Singh struck him down with his sabre, while his fleeing companion fell under the swords of Sikhs who had rushed in on hearing the noise. As the news reached Bahadur Shah's camp, he sent expert surgeons, including an Englishman, Cole by name, to attend on the Guru. The wound was stitched and appeared to have healed quickly but, as the Guru one day applied strength to pull a stiff bow, it broke out again and bled profusely. This weakened the Guru beyond cure and he passed away on Kattak sudi 5, 1765 Bk/7 October 1708. Before the end came, Guru Gobind Singh had asked for the Sacred Volume to be brought forth. To quote Bhatt Vahi Talauda Parganah Jind: "Guru Gobind Singh, the Tenth Master, son of Guru Teg Bahadur, grandson of Guru Hargobind, great-grandson of Guru Arjan, of the family of Guru Ram Das Surajbansi, Gosal clan, Sodhi Khatri, resident of Anandpur, parganah Kahlur, now at Nanded, in the Godavari country in the Deccan, asked Bhai Daya Singh, on Wednesday, 7 October 1708, to fetch Sri Granth Sahib. In obedience to his orders, Daya Singh brought Sri Granth Sahib. The Guru placed before it five pice and a coconut and bowed his head before it. He said to the sangat, "It is my commandment: Own Sri Granthji in my place. He who so acknowledges it will obtain his reward. The Guru will rescue him. Know this as the truth".

Guru Gobind Singh thus passed on the succession with due ceremony to the Holy Book, the Guru Granth Sahib, ending the line of personal Gurus. "The Guru's spirit," he said, "will henceforth be in the Granth and the Khalsa. Where the Granth is with any five Sikhs representing the Khalsa, there will the Guru be." The Word enshrined in the Holy Book was always revered by the Gurus as well as by their disciples as of Divine origin. The Guru was the revealer of the Word. One day the Word was to take the place of the Guru. The inevitable came to pass when Guru Gobind Singh declared the Guru Granth Sahib as his successor. It was only through the Word that the Guruship could be made everlasting. The Word as contained in the Guru Granth Sahib was henceforth, and for all time to come to be the Guru for the Sikhs.


Subhas Chandra Bose


http://www.hindujagruti.org/articles/out/images/1282111942_Netaji_Subhas_Chandra_Bose.jpg
Subhash Chandra Bose (January 23, 1897 - August 18, 1945?), also known as Netaji, was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Independence Movement against the British Raj. Subhas Chandra Bose was born to an affluent family in Cuttack, Orissa. His father, Janakinath Bose, was a public prosecutor who believed in orthodox nationalism, and later became a member of the Bengal Legislative Council. His mother was Prabhavati Bose, a remarkable example of Indian womanhood. Bose was educated at Cambridge University. In 1920, Bose took the Indian Civil Service entrance examination and was placed second. However, he resigned from the prestigious Indian Civil Service in April 1921 despite his high ranking in the merit list, and went on to become an active member of India's independence movement. He joined the Indian National Congress, and was particularly active in its youth wing. Subhas Chandra Bose felt that young militant groups could be molded into a military arm of the freedom movement and used to further the cause. Gandhiji opposed this ideology because it directly conflicted with his policy of ahimsa (non-violence). The British Government in India perceived Subhas as a potential source of danger and had him arrested without any charge on October 25, 1924. He was sent to Alipore Jail, Calcutta and in January 25, 1925 transferred to Mandalay, Burma. He was released from Mandalay in May, 1927 due to his ill health. Upon return to Calcutta, Subhas was elected President of the Bengal Congress Committee on October 27, 1927.
Subhas was one of the few politicians who sought and worked towards Hindu-Muslim unity on the basis of respect of each community's rights. Subhas, being a man of ideals, believed in independence from the social evil of religious discord. In January 1930 Subhas was arrested while leading a procession condemning imprisonment of revolutionaries. He was offered bail on condition that he signs a bond to refrain from all political activities, which he refused. As a result he was sentenced to a year's imprisonment. On his release from jail, Subhas was sworn in as Mayor of the Calcutta Corporation. In 1931 the split between Gandhiji and Subhas crystallized. Although the two never saw eye to eye on their view of freedom and the movement itself, Subhas felt that Gandhiji had done a great disservice to the movement by agreeing to take part in the Second Round Table Conference. Subhas viewed freedom as an absolute necessity, unlike the freedom which Gandhiji was "negotiating" with the British. Subhas was arrested again while returning from Bombay to Calcutta, and imprisoned in several jails outside West Bengal in fear of an uprising. His health once again deteriorated and the medical facilities diagnosed him with tuberculosis. It was recommended that he be sent to Switzerland for treatment. Realizing that his avenues abroad were greater with the restrictions of the British, Subhas set sail for Europe on February 23, 1933. Subhas stayed in various parts of Europe from March 1993 to March 1936 making contacts with Indian revolutionaries and European socialists supporting India's Struggle for Independence. Subhas met Mussolini in Italy and made Vienna his headquarters. Subhas was opposed to the racial theory of Nazism but appreciated its organizational strength and discipline. On March 27, 1936 he sailed for Bombay and but was escorted to jail immediately after disembarking. After lying low for a year, he was able to work actively. He attended the All India Congress Committee Session in Calcutta, the first one he attended after a lapse of nearly six years. Time had healed the tensions between Subhas and Gandhiji, and Gandhiji supported Subhas in his efforts to become the President of the next Congress session, 1938. He went to England for a month in 1938 and rallied for the Indian freedom cause amongst Indian students and British labor leaders sympathetic toward India's cause. It was a bold move since he was constantly under British surveillance. Upon his return to India in February 1938, Subhas was elected President of the Indian National Congress. An excerpt from his Presidential address read, "I have no doubt in my mind that our chief national problems relating to the eradication of poverty, illiteracy and disease and the scientific production and distribution can be tackled only along socialistic lines... ." Subhas emphasized that political freedom alone would not be sufficient, as the ills of the British reign would continue to haunt post-Independent India. He stressed the need to solve linguistic and religious prejudices and to achieve a high literacy rate amongst Indians. Gandhiji found Subhas's ideologies far too leftist and strongly disagreed with Subhas's criticism of village industries and stress on competing with the rest of the world in the Industrial age. Opposition from Sardar Vallabhai Patel, lack of support from Gandhiji and Nehru's indecision marked Subhas's year as the President of the Congress. One of Subhas' major contributions was setting up of a National Planning Committee, for the development of an economic program running parallel to the national movement. Differences between Gandhiji and Subhas led to a crisis when Gandhiji opposed Subhas' idea that the Bengal Government (a coalition between the Krishak Praja Party & Muslim League) be ousted and the Congress take charge in coalition with the Krishak party. The idea was criticized by Gandhiji and Nehru, which resulted in the strengthening of the Muslim League in Bengal and ultimately partition of India. It is obvious today that had Subhas been able to carry out his plans, Bengal would be a different entity on the atlas. Despite opposition from the Congress brass, Subhas was a favorite amongst the majority as he was re-elected for a second term in March 1939. Gandhiji considered Subhas's victory as his personal defeat and went on a fast to rally the members of the Working Committee to resign. Subhas resigned and Dr. Rajendra Prasad assumed the Presidency of the Congress. In May 1939, Subhas formed the Forward Bloc within the Congress as an umbrella organization of the left forces within the Congress. Gandhiji and his supporters accused Subhas of breach of Congress party discipline and drafted a resolution removing Subhas from the Congress Working Committee and restrained him from holding any office for three years. On September 3, 1939 Subhas was informed that war had broken out between Britain and Germany. Subhas discussed the idea of an underground struggle against the British with members of the Forward Bloc. Subhas pressurized the Congress leaders to get a Declaration of War Aims from the Viceroy; he declined. Subhas was elected President of the West Bengal Provincial Congress. In December the Congress Working Committee subverted the Provincial Committee's authority and appointed its own ad hoc committee. The Forward Bloc progressively became militant and by April 1940 most of its senior members were arrested. Subhas was convinced that the only way he could bring about India's Independence was by leaving the country and fighting from foreign territories. He had made contact with radical Punjab and Pathan activists who had contacts in Afghanistan and Russia to organize a militia. Subhas knew that Britain was in a vulnerable position following the surrender of France in June 1940. He announced the launch of Siraj-ud-daula Day on July 3, in memory of the last king of Bengal who was defeated by Clive. His plan was to hold a procession and to unify Hindu and Muslim nationalists. The Government interceded and imprisoned Subhas on July 2, 1940 in Presidency Jail, Calcutta. Netaji believed that foreign assistance was a must to free India from British rule. In 1939, when the Second World War broke out, Subhas sought assistance from Germany, Italy, and Japan as they were enemies of Britain and thus would be natural allies. In 1941, he evaded a house-arrest in Calcutta by disguising himself as a Maulavi and going to Kabul, Afghanistan. Later, he procured an Italian passport and fled to Berlin, Germany. There he met Hitler and discussed his plans and sought his assistance to free India. He also sought assistance from Mussolini. From time to time, he aired his speeches on the Azad Hind Radio from Berlin to communicate his intentions to fellow Indians and to prove that he was still alive. After the defeat of Germany, Netaji realized that he could not continue his struggle from Germany anymore. Ultimately, Netaji reached Japan in June, 1943. He established the Indian National Army (INA) with some 30,000 Indian soldiers. He also set up a radio network in South East Asia in order to appeal to the people, both in India and outside, for support. The INA declared war against Britain and America. However, the INA had to retreat from the Indo-Burmese border after a heavy defeat of the Japanese troops there. The British defense was impenetrable. Though the "Delhi Chalo" mission failed, Netaji proved to the world that his determination was strong and his attitude was positive in his dream to free India from the clutches of the British.

On August 16, 1945 Netaji boarded a plane from Singapore to Bangkok. Netaji was scheduled to fly in a Type 97-2 bomber 'Sally' from Bangkok to Saigon. The plane made a stopover in Taipei and crashed within minutes of take-off from Taipei. Netaji's body was cremated in Taipei on August 20, 1945 and his ashes were flown to Tokyo on September 5, 1945 where they rest in the Renkoji Temple. To this day, many believe that Netaji escaped from the air crash and went into hiding.

Netaji wanted unconditional and complete freedom. He dreamed of a classless society with no caste barriers, social inequalities or religious intolerance. He believed in equal distribution of wealth and destruction of communalism. His slogan "Jai Hind" still acts as a great binding force today

Meira Kumar, Speaker, Lok Sabha


  Meira Kumar is the MP from Sasaram. Meira Kumar is the first women speaker of the Lok Sabha. Meira Kumar is a MP from Congress Party. Meira Kumar is the daughter of former deputy prime minister Jagjivan Ram. Meira Kumar is a former Indian Foreign Service officer who has served at embassies in Spain, United Kingdom and Mauritius. Meira Kumar entered electoral politics in 1985 and was elected from Bijnor in Uttar Pradesh defeating Ram Vilas Paswan and Mayawati, two powerful dalit leaders of today. Meira Kumar was a member of the eleventh and twelfth Lok Sabha's from Karol Bagh in Delhi. Meira Kumar reelected with a record majority from her father's former constituency of Sasaram in Bihar in 2004 and again in 2009. Meira Kumar was inducted into the Manmohan Singh cabinet, as Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment in 2004 and is presently the Union Minister for Water Resources. Meira Kumar also wants the govt. to offer a reward of Rs. 50,000 for inter-caste marriages.
Sources : http://biharwatch.blogspot.com

Now Run for Progress with Paltan in 1st Patna Maathon on 26th February , 2012 from Gandhi Maidan, Patna


 
The state of Bihar is rising again to show its real potential and re-assert the status as “heart, mind & soul” of India. Patna Marathon seeks to announce this to the world and show case the unlimited opportunities in this great historical place. The marathon would unleash a human energy that will send potent vibrations to the entire world about the arrival of Bihar and Biharis on unlimited growth path. It will invite all to become stakeholders in the making of history in Bihar
Visit http://patnamarathon.com for more information

Who´s who to attend Global summit on changing Bihar


PATNA: Top honchos of various fields are expected to attend the three-day Global Summit on Changing Bihar, scheduled to open here on February 17.
To be inaugurated by Nepal PM Baburam Bhattarai, the summit will be spread over various sessions and workshops on themes like agriculture, health, industries, urban development, infrastructure, finance, tourism, education and socio-cultural renaissance. It is being organized by Bihar Foundation, Institute for Human Development (IHD) and Asian Development Research Institute (ADRI).
“In recent years, Bihar has been in the news for its success in accelerating growth and strengthening institutions to support economic development and public welfare. Yet, many challenges remain if the continuing problems of poverty and backwardness are to be overcome,” said Shaibal Gupta of ADRI.
Alakh Narayan Sharma of IHD said the summit would bring together leading development practitioners, policymakers, scholars, industrialists, investors, representatives from the world of art and culture and donors and members of civil society for forging partnerships to pursue and reinforce social and economic progress in Bihar. About 1,000 people from around the world will be participating in the summit.
The IHD in association with others organized ‘Global Meet for a Resurgent Bihar’ in 2007. It was inaugurated by the then President, A P J Abdul Kalam.
Apart from the Nepal PM, Bhutan’s King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuk, former Japan PM Kan Naoto, Planning commission deputy chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia, member Abhijit Sen, Lord Meghnad Desai, RBI governor D Subbarao, Lord Nicholas Stern of London School of Economics, Aditya Birla Group chairman Kumar Mangalam Birla, HSBC chairperson Naina Lal Kidwai, SEBI chairman U K Sinha, Lord Karan Bilimoria, Suhel Seth, Union finance ministry’s chief economic adviser Kaushik Basu, Housing Development Finance Corporation’s chairman Deepak Parekh, eminent entrepreneur Kiran Majumdar Shaw, Infosys chairman K V Kamath and ex-West Bengal governor Gopal Krishna Gandhi besides Bollywood biggies such as Javed Akhtar, Prakash Jha, Shekhar Suman, Shatrughan Sinha, Imtiaz Ali and Shalini Vats will attend the summit. Chief minister Nitish Kumar and deputy CM Sushil Kumar Modi will also attend the inaugural and valedictory sessions.
According to the organizers, the aims and objectives of the summit are to bring together eminent individuals and agencies concerned for generating innovative ideas and thoughts to foster progress in the state. It is also aimed at defining priorities and laying down a road map for development; creating strong networks of the stakeholders to facilitate their effective participation in the development of the state and forging lasting partnerships between the people of Bihar and the world outside, they said.
Sources http://biharfoundation.in/whos-who-to-attend-summit-on-changing-bihar/2012/

Organic Farming - a sustainable alternative in reviving Indian Agriculture


Organic farming is emerging as a sustainable alternative in reviving Indian Agriculture especially in areas where the indiscriminate usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides had resulted in loss in soil fertility and productivity with adverse effects on water quality, soil, plant and human health.

Recognising the importance of organic farming in Indian Agriculture, Government of India has taken various initiatives to promote and support organic production. Setting up of National Centre of Organic Farming with Regional Centres at various places, launching of the National Programme on Organic Production encompassing National Standards and Accreditation Programme for Certification Agencies etc., are important steps in this direction. The importance of organic inputs in development of organic farming is adequately emphasized with the launching of the Capital Investment Subsidy Scheme for Commercial Production Units of Organic Inputs by Government of India.

NABARD, as an apex institution in the field of agriculture and rural development has identified Organic Farming as a thrust area and has taken various initiatives for its promotion. These initiatives include building capacities of bankers, NGOs, farmers through training programmes, exposure visits etc., technology development and its dissemination through various funds and suggesting policy measures for financing organic farming.

Package of practices for organic farming is being developed by many Universities and Research Institutions. These practices need to be developed into a bankable model for aiding financial institutions in extending credit for organic farming. Preparation of model bankable schemes based on package of practices developed by research institutions and those adopted by farmers is an attempt in this direction. I am certain that these model schemes may act as a catalyst in promoting organic farming amongst prospective entrepreneurs especially with the support of institutional credit.
Article By : U.C. Sarangi , Chairman

Visit http://www.nabard.org/modelbankprojects/organicfarming.asp for details about Organic Farming and Financial Scheme by NABARD.

Duke Store in Bihar | Duke Fashions India Duke Fashions Clothing Apparel



Duke Store in Bihar | Duke Fashions India Duke Fashions Clothing Apparel
































































































Aaditya
Address : Opp. Hatwa Market, Bari Road,
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact : 09334110750



Aaliy
Address : Maharanj Ganj Chowk,
City : Jamui
State : Bihar
Contact : 09334748944



Akriti Creations,
Address : Asha Market,Patel Chowk, Main Road,
City : Begusarai
State : Bihar
Contact : 09334790633



Anupa Collection
Address : Rahul Complex, Tilak Chowk,
City : Madhubani
State : Bihar
Contact : 09431646463



Anupa Collection
Address : Rahul Complex, Tilak Chowk, Madhubani, Bihar
City : Madhubani
State : Bihar
Contact : 09431646463



Bahurani Fashion Plaza
Address : Jublee Well, Bekapur, Munger
City : Munger
State : Bihar
Contact : 9934614141



Bhoomi Fashions
Address : Saraswati Chandra Market, Kurji More,
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact : 09304817379



Chandamama Execlusive,
Address : Chaudhary Centre,Rajinder chowk,
City : Hajipur
State : Bihar
Contact : 9431070639



Duke Exclusive Showroom
Address : Near Panch Mandir, Kankarbaug,
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact :



Fashion Street
Address : Mangal Bazar,
City : Katihar
State : Bihar
Contact : 09431229366



Ganpati Fashions
Address : Chandra Gukul Road
City : Gopalganj
State : Bihar
Contact : 094312-94501



Gayatari Gallery
Address : Main Road, Loha patti,
City : Sitamarhi
State : Bihar
Contact : 09431857634



Jai Ambey
Address : Munim Chowk, Opp.Allahabad Bank,
City : Baxur
State : Bihar
Contact : 09308054701



Kuku Dresses
Address : Tower Chowk, Opp. Ganga Complex,
City : Darbhanga
State : Bihar
Contact : 9431468154



Lifestyle,
Address : Khalafa baug chowk, Above Khadim Showroom,
City : Bhagalpur
State : Bihar
Contact : 09334234075



M/s Ayush Garments
Address : Jalan Bhawan Chowk, Patna City
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact : 09470443012



M/s Fashion Gets
Address : Nabab Market, Simri Bakhtiyarpur, disst Saharsa
City : Bakhtiyarpur
State : Bihar
Contact : 09801590515



M/s M.B. collections
Address : VIP Road
City : Saharsa
State : Bihar
Contact : 9431243071



M/s Olympic Traders
Address : Surya Complex, urban Road
City : Jahanabad
State : Bihar
Contact : 09934638470



M/s Sarita Zone
Address : Morya Lok Market
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact : 9835029010



M/s Shopper Point
Address : Hospital Road
City : Kishanganj
State : Bihar
Contact : 09852098935



M/s Shuvangi
Address : 3RC/22, Hira Lal Market, Bhootnath Road
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact : 09334161750



Maa Dugra Garments
Address : Bhatta bazaar
City : Purnia
State : Bihar
Contact : 9334825167



Maa Sharda & Sons
Address : Near Danapur Thana,Main Road,
City : Danapur cantt
State : Bihar
Contact : 9304139626



Mangalam Creations
Address : Ground floor, Near Central Bank, Champaran Circle,Main Road,
City : Motihari
State : Bihar
Contact : 09431233690



Manpasand,
Address : Purana Bazar,Near Station, Lucky
City : Supaul
State : Bihar
Contact : 09430533236



Millennium
Address : 8,Laxmi Complex,Boring Road,
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact : 0612-2540299: 9835285897



Pahnava
Address : KP Aggarwal Complex, M.G Road, Aurangabad
City : Aurangabad
State : Bihar
Contact : 9431263827



Radha Govind
Address : Hathwa Market, Chapra
City : Chhapra
State : Bihar
Contact : 09431216514



Ridhi Siddhi Enterprises
Address : Lal Bazar, Dist-West Champaran,
City : Barhiya
State : Bihar
Contact : 06254-242848



Ridhi Siddhi Enterprises
Address : Lal Bazar, Dist-West Champaran, Bettiah, Bihar.
City : Bettiah
State : Bihar
Contact : 06254-242848



Sai Fashions,
Address : Shop no- 34, Civil Surgen Market, Mahatma Gandhi Road,
City : Bhagalpur
State : Bihar
Contact : 09431213492



Sarang Shree
Address : Opp.Police Colony,Khagaul Road, Anisabad,
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact : 09334757666



Sarita Mart
Address : Vijay Aman Appartment, Near Tiwari Bechar Petrol Pump, Main Road, Kankarbaug,
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact : 9334289120



Sarita Shree
Address : BBGN Complex Near Post Office
City : Biharsheriff
State : Bihar
Contact : 09334100744



Sarita Stores
Address : Beside Singh Petrol Pump, Rukanpura, Baily road,
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact :



Shoppers Point
Address : Shop No.3, Maharaja Kameshwar Complex,
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact : 9835029010



Shreeman
Address : Vidyapeeth Market, Raja Bazar,
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact : 9835404411, 9431426669



Shri Sai Garments
Address : Opp.Kadarnath Market, Goriya Math,G.B. Road,
City : Gaya
State : Bihar
Contact : 09431296660



Sushwi Readymades
Address : 1st Floor, Govind Bhawan, New Dak Banglow Road,
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact : 0612-2220853



Target
Address : Chotti Saryaganj, Jawaharlal Road,
City : Muzaffarpur
State : Bihar
Contact : 09431238895



The Best,
Address : Haffiji Chowk,
City : Siwan
State : Bihar
Contact : 9304154810



Tiya Fashions,
Address : Near Today Fashions, Ashok Rajpath,
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Contact : 09334110962



Today's Fashion
Address : Court Road,
City : Nawada
State : Bihar
Contact :

Shri Saraswati Chalisa


|| चौपाई ||Shri Sarasvati Saraswati Ji Ki Chalisa श्री सरस्वती चालीसा (Shri Saraswati Chalisa)

जय श्रीसकल बुद्घि बलरासी । जय सर्वज्ञ अमर अविनाशी ॥

जय जय जय वीणाकर धारी । करती सदा सुहंस सवारी ॥

रुप चतुर्भुज धारी माता । सकल विश्व अन्दर विख्याता ॥

जग में पाप बुद्घि जब होती । तबहि धर्म की फीकी ज्योति ॥

तबहि मातु का निज अवतारा । पाप हीन करती महितारा ॥

बाल्मीकि जी थे हत्यारा । तव प्रसाद जानै संसारा ॥

रामचरित जो रचे बनाई । आदि कवि पदवी को पाई ॥

कालिदास जो भये विख्याता । तेरी कृपा दृष्टि से माता ॥

तुलसी सूर आदि विद्घाना । और भये जो ज्ञानी नाना ॥

तिन्ह न और रहेउ अवलम्बा । केवल कृपा आपकी अमबा ॥

करहु कृपा सोई मातु भवानी । दुखित दीन निज दासहिं जानी ॥

पुत्र करइ अपराध बहूता । तेहि न धरइ चित एकउ माता ॥

राखु लाज जननी अब मेरी । विनय करउं भांति बहुतेरी ॥

मैं अनाथ तेरी अवलंबा । कृपा करउ जय जय जगदम्बा ॥

मधुकैटभ जो अति बलवाना । बाहुयुद्घ विष्णु से ठाना ॥

समर हजार पांच में घोरा । फिर भी मुख उनसे नहीं मोरा ॥

मातु सहाय कीन्ह तेहि काला । बुद्घि विपरीत भई खलहाला ॥

तेहि ते मृत्यु भई खल केरी । पुरवहु मातु मनोरथ मेरी ॥

चण्ड मुण्ड जो थे विख्याता । क्षण महु संहारे उन माता ॥

रक्तबीज से समरथ पापी । सुर मुन हृदय धरा सब कांपी ॥

काटेउ सिर जिम कदली खम्बा । बार बार बिनवउं जगदंबा ॥

जगप्रसिद्घ जो शुंभ निशुंभा । क्षण में बांधे ताहि तूं अम्बा ॥

भरत-मातु बुद्घि फेरेउ जाई । रामचन्द्र बनवास कराई ॥

एहि विधि रावन वध तू कीन्हा । सुन नर मुनि सबको सुख दीन्हा ॥

को समरथ तव यश गुन गाना । निगम अनादि अनंत बखाना ॥

विष्णु रुद्र जस सकैं न मारी । जिनकी हो तुम रक्षाकारी ॥

रक्त दन्तिका और शताक्षी । नाम अपार है दानवभक्षी ॥

दुर्गम काज धरा पर कीन्हा । दुर्गा नाम सकल जग लीन्हा ॥

दुर्ग आदि हरनी तू माता । कृपा करहु जब जब सुखदाता ॥

नृप कोपित को मारन चाहै । कानन में घेरे मृग नाहै ॥

सागर मध्य पोत के भंगे । अति तूफान नहिं कोऊ संगे ॥

भूत प्रेत बाधा या दुःख में । हो दरिद्र अथवा संकट में ॥

नाम जपे मंगल सब होई । संशय इसमें करइ न कोई ॥

पुत्रहीन जो आतुर भाई । सबै छांड़ि पूजें एहि भाई ॥

करै पाठ नित यह चालीसा । होय पुत्र सुन्दर गुण ईसा ॥

धूपादिक नैवेघ चढ़ावै । संकट रहित अवश्य हो जावै ॥

भक्ति मातु की करै हमेशा । निकट न आवै ताहि कलेशा ॥

बंदी पाठ करै सत बारा । बंदी पाश दूर हो सारा ॥

रामसागर बांधि हेतु भवानी । कीजै कृपा दास निज जानी ॥


॥ दोहा ॥

मातु सूर्य कान्त तव, अन्धकार मम रुप । 
डूबन से रक्षा करहु परुं न मैं भव कूप ॥

बलबुद्घि विघा देहु मोहि, सुनहु सरस्वती मातु । 
रामसागर अधम को आश्रय तू दे दातु ॥


|| इति श्री सरस्वती चालीसा समाप्त ||
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holi


   Saade rang ko galti se aap naa kora samjho,Isi mey samaaye indradhanushi saaton rang,Jo dikhe aapko zindagi saadagi bhari kisi ki,To aap yun samjho satrangi hai duniya usiki, Holi aayi satrangi rango ki bouchar laayi,Dher saari mithai aur mitha mitha pyar laayi,Aap ki zindagi ho mithe pyar aur khusiyon se bhari,Jisme samaaye saaton rang yahi shubhkamna hai hamaari.


Holi Songs Collection 2012 Mp3 Free Download


 
01 - aaj_na_choddenge Download
02 - Aao Re Aao Khelo Holi Biraj Me – Sapan Chakravarty Download
03 - Ang Se Ang Lagana Download
04 - ang_se_anga Download
05 - Are Ja Re Hat Natkhat Download
06 - Dil Mein Holi Jal Rahi Hai – Kishore Kumar Download
07 - Do Me A Favor Let’s Play Holi Download
08 - Ey Gori Download
09 - Holi Aaee Re – Lata Mangeshkar, Mahendra Kapoor Download
10 - Holi Aayee Re – Kishore, Lata Download
11 - Holi Aayee Re Kanhai – Lata, Mohd. Rafi Download
12 - Holi Ke Din Download
13 - Holi Re Download
14 - holiya_aaye_re Download
15 - holiya_main_ude Download
16 - holi_aai_re Download
17 - holi_khele Download
18 - holi_ki_din Download
19 - holi_re Download
20 - holi_re_holi Download
21 - Hori Khele Taghuveera Download
22 - Jogiji Wah Download
23 - Koi Bheega Hai Rang Se Download
24 - lets_play_holi Download
25 - Maro Bharkar Pichkari – Kishore Kumar & Lata Mangeshkar Download
26 - maro_bichkaar Download
27 - Rang Barse Download
28 - rang barse Download
29 - Rang Dalo – Folk Download
30 - Rang Dalo Download
31 - Rang Dalunga Chunri (Holi) Download
32 - Rung De Rung De Download
33 - Saat Rang Mein Download
34 - saat_range_mein Download
35 - saat_rang_mein Download
36 - Tan Rang Lo Ji Aaj Tan Download

Download All Songs (128 Kbps) – Direct Download Link
Holi Special MP3 Songs (2012) – DownloadMing.Com (128 Kbps).zip

International Women’s Day (8 March)


International Women's Day (8 March) अन्तराष्ट्रीय महिला दिवस मनाने की शुरूआत 1900 के आरंभ में हुई थी. वर्ष 1908 में न्यूयार्क की एक कपड़ा मिल में काम करने वाली करीब 15 हजार महिलाओं ने काम के घंटे कम करने, बेहतर तनख्वाह और वोट का अधिकार देने के लिए प्रदर्शन किया था. इसी क्रम में 1909 में अमेरिका की ही सोशलिस्ट पार्टी ने पहली बार ”नेशनल वुमन-डे” मनाया था. वर्ष 1910 में डेनमार्क के कोपेनहेगन में कामकाजी महिलाओं की अंतरराष्ट्रीय कॉन्फ्रेंस हुई जिसमें अंतरराष्ट्रीय स्तर पर महिला दिवस मनाने का फैसला किया गया और 1911 में पहली बार 19 मार्च को अंतरराष्ट्रीय महिला दिवस मनाया गया. इसे सशक्तिकरण का रूप देने हेतु ऑस्ट्रिया, डेनमार्क, जर्मनी और स्विट्जरलैंड में लाखों महिलाओं ने रैलियों में हिस्सा लिया. बाद में वर्ष 1913 में महिला दिवस की तारीख 8 मार्च कर दी गई. तब से हर 8 मार्च को विश्व भर में महिला दिवस के रूप में मनाया जाता है.
भारत में भी महिलाओं को अधिकार दिलाने के लिए और उन्हें सशक्त करने के लिए बहुत पहले से कार्य किए जा रहे हैं. इस कार्य की शुरुआत राजा राममोहन राय, केशव चन्द्र सेन, ईश्वर चन्द्र विद्यासागर एवं स्वामी विवेकानन्द जैसे महापुरुषों ने की थी जिनके प्रयासों से नारी में संघर्ष क्षमता का आरम्भ होना शुरू हो गया था

First Bhojpuri Film Ganga Maiya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo


Ganga Maiya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo is Bhojpuri film released in 1963 directed by Kundan Kumar was the first-ever Bhojpuri film. It had music by Chitragupta and songs sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Mohammad Rafi.

“Ganga Maiya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo” was the first Bhojpuri film in Indian cinema which was released on February 22, 1963 at Veena Cinema , Patna. The film was directed by Kundan Kumar and produced by Bishwanath Prasad Shahabadi on behest of 1st President of India Desh Ratna Dr. Rajendra Prasad with initial budget of Rs.1.5 lakhs eventually ending up at approximately 5 lakhs. The film was shown to Desh Ratna Dr. Rajendra Prasad at a special screening organized at Sadaqat Ashram, Patna before its release. The concept of the film is based on Widow Re- marriage and features Kumkum, Ashim Kumar, and Nasir Hussain in lead role. The total duration of the film is 2 hours.
http://www.induna.com/uploaded_images/dvd_vcd_master/medium/02_21_48_vcd%20ganga%20maiya%20tohe%20piyari%20chad.jpg
Cast - Nasir Hussain, Padma Khanna, Sujit Kumar, Kumkum, Ashim Kumar, Leela Mishra, Tun Tun
Sources : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ganga_Maiyya_Tohe_Piyari_Chadhaibo


Kamla Persad-Bissessar


 
Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Kamla Persad-Bissessar SC, MP (born 22 April 1952 in Siparia) is the Prime Minister of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, the seventh person to hold this position. She was sworn in as Prime Minister on May 26, 2010 and is the country's first female Prime Minister.
Persad-Bissessar is the political leader of the United National Congress and leads the People's Partnership, a coalition of five parties, formed for the general election of 24 May 2010. She was the first woman to serve as Attorney General, acting Prime Minister, Leader of the Opposition of Trinidad and Tobago. She became Political Leader of the United National Congress and Opposition in 2010.
Education and early career
Kamla Persad-Bissessar's ancestors originally hail from Buxar Bihar, India Her ancestors migrated from Bihar to the Caribbean islands in the 19th century as Girmitiya labourers to Trinidad and Tobago.She graduated from Iere High School and went on to further her studies at the University of the West Indies, Norwood Technical College (England), and the Hugh Wooding Law School. Consequently, she was awarded a B.A. (Hons.), a Diploma in Education, a B.A. of Laws (Hons.) and a Legal Education Certificate. In 2006 she obtained an Executive Masters in Business Administration (EMBA) from the Arthur Lok Jack Graduate School of Business, Trinidad.
On completion of her studies, Mrs. Persad-Bissessar entered the teaching profession. While in England pursuing studies, she worked as a social worker with the Church of England Children’s Society of London. She taught at the St. Andrew High School in Kingston, Jamaica and at the Mona Campus in Jamaica. Later, she taught at the St. Augustine campus of the University of the West Indies in Trinidad. At the Jamaica College of Insurance she was also a Consultant Lecturer. Her next step was to lecture at a Tertiary Education institution. After lecturing for a total of six years, Mrs. Persad-Bissessar then became a full-time Attorney-at-Law.
Political career
Persad-Bissessar has served as Member of Parliament for the Siparia constituency since 1995. She served as Attorney General in 1995 until Ramesh Maharaj was able to disassociate himself from ongoing cases and again in 2001 after Maharaj left the party. When the United National Congress formed Government on December 22, 2000, she was sworn in as the Minister of Education.
On April 25, 2006 she received the support of the majority of Opposition MPs for the post of Leader of the Opposition. The position of Leader of the Opposition was declared vacant by President George Maxwell Richards after Basdeo Panday was convicted of failing to make an accurate declaration to the Integrity Commission concerning a bank account held in London.His Appeal is pending. Persad-Bissessar was subsequently appointed Leader of the Opposition on April 26, 2006.
Political Leader
On January 24, 2010, Kamla Persad-Bissessar was elected Political Leader of the United National Congress, emerging victorious over the party's founder, Mr. Basdeo Panday. She was formally appointed Opposition Leader on February 25, 2010, having gained the support of a majority of UNC MPs.
Prime Minister
Persad-Bissessar took office after the victory of the People's Partnership in the general election of 24 May 2010 defeating the incumbent government of the People's National Movement, who had called an early election. She was the first female Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago and is also the first female Commonwealth Chairperson-in-Office. She was succeeded as Chairperson-in-Office by Julia Gillard with the opening of the 2011 CHOGM on 28 October 2011.
Personal life
Persad-Bissessar is married to Dr. Gregory Bissessar and has one son. In August 2011, government officials confirmed that Persad-Bissessar had been stricken with dengue fever, and would carry out duties of the State under medical supervision.
Sources : http://www.itarhibuxar.com/Kamla%20Persad.pdf

The Colour Odyssey


 The Colour Odyssey                

Abhishek Kumar

Wan’ a go for ‘a journey to the soulful world’? That man takes you anywhere or even far beyond the known world as you wish; only he needs is a beautiful soul to accompany with!

A brilliant painting artist (in Madhubani/Mithila), Rambharos also facilitates in our project ‘JIYO’. We work for the marginalized artisans whose livelihoods depend upon traditional cultural industries. Here comes an ironical situation as these painters on the one hand not well-placed into the Indian art scene and on the other hand well-exhibited in international art world same as Rambharos’ works of art which range from the USA, UK, South Africa or Iceland collections to the remote areas of Bihar. There is a huge challenge in front of these explorers that how to respond to the economic recession and tackle the conflict between both following tradition/modernity and being artist/artisan.  

"Ritual Art"? "Folk Art"? Or simply Art? When Mithila painting was first transferred to paper for sale in the late 1960s, the previously unsigned if not quite anonymous "ritual art," was popularly recast as "folk art." For many painters today these two categories still seem accurate. But Mithila has also been generating numerous highly individuated self-conscious artists. As a result - and unlike most "traditional" arts of India - the styles and subjects of Mithila painting have evolved and multiplied dramatically- says David Szanton in Transformations of Mithila Painting. Displaying an extraordinary vitality, painters of different backgrounds have drawn on their own caste traditions, interaction with outsiders, a new sense of themselves as artists and social actors, and have responded to a wide range of national and international audiences and markets.
For no doubt deep cultural and historical reasons, the Mithila tradition continues to produce highly talented painters. The new generation includes elders like Santosh Das, Bibha Das, Vinita Jha, Neelkant Chaudhaury, Dulari Devi, Urmila Devi, and the younger ones like Rambharos, Amrita Das, Amrita Jha, Kamlesh and Prateek to name a few. These young painters have the potential to become the next generation of major painters. Currently, however (with the few exceptions), they lack access to, and the important stimulus and confidence created by, national and international markets, or national and international recognition for their paintings. Only a little effort is being made through some organisations towards the development of this younger generation of potentially world-class artists.
In the last few years, these young guns have proved their potential not only in terms of experimenting with subjects but also in changing perception of this art form which in a whole have resulted as a discussion of their identity versus their advancement. However, they too suffer the negative connotation of the words Mithila or Madhubani which have ever been the identity of this art form but now hurdle their way to become mainstream artists.
Rambharos has recently introduced collage pattern (first ever of its kind) in this style e.g. creating dimensions in the same media which is sold and being exhibited by Ethnic Arts foundation in Los Angles (USA), the place where his name is well-known to the art connoisseurs and lovers. However, it repeats the same story when talking about the prices. How can one be an unknown person with a famous name…!  

Rohit kumar | Indian student parliament


Rohit kumar Father- Manoj Kumar Singh(Assistant T.P.S College Patna)
Mother:Kiran Sharma (Lab Inc. T.S.College Hisua(Nawada)
Brother -Chetan kumar
Resident of matrichhaya salimpur ahra lane no 1, Kadamkuan patna
ROHIT has done his schooling till secondary level from B.D Public School,Buddha colony patna Being a student of school he was the captain of school cricket team.
He has persued his senior secondary from T.P.S College Patna. (Topper of 2007-09 batch)
He was the captain of college cricket team as well as the member of NSS
Currently he is Persuing graduation in English from Dyal Singh College Delhi university Being a student of Delhi university he has participated in various social,political and cultural events .He has been quite active in university politics from his first year.He is also associated with Bihan and Pehla kadam (NGO). Rohit being a student leader from Delhi university participated in 2nd Indian student parliament and on the basis of his performance he has been selected to contest the student council election for the post of spokesperson Indian student parliament Delhi State. On the basis of qualification and experience,from all around ten thousand members of Indian student parliament around two thousand nominations came initially.After scrutiny on the basis of their educational qualification and work experience two nominations were selected for each posts of president and spokesperson from all 28 states and union territories of India and the members of Indian student parliament were asked to vote them on the basis of there profile.the voting was open for all the members of Indian Student Parliament from 12th of feb to 10th of march.And the first achievement of rohit knocked his door on 30th of march.He has given the credit of his victory to his family and friends for their support.

Bihar State Prayer | राज्य प्रार्थना




  [Bihar State Prayer/ बिहार राज्य प्रार्थना] Download in MP3

Bihar Rajya Geet | Download in MP3




[Bihar Rajya Geet] Download in MP3

  बिहार राज्य गीत

मेरे भारत के कंठहार
तुझको शत-शत वंदन बिहार
तू वाल्मीकि की रामायण
तू वैशाली का लोकतंत्र
तू बोधिसत्व की करूणा है
तू महावीर का शांतिमंत्र
तू नालंदा का ज्ञानदीप
तू हीं अक्षत चंदन बिहार
तू है अशोक की धर्मध्वजा
तू गुरूगोविंद की वाणी है
तू आर्यभट्ट तू शेरशाह
तू कुंवर सिंह बलिदानी है
तू बापू की है कर्मभूमि
धरती का नंदन वन बिहार
तेरी गौरव गाथा अपूर्व
तू विश्व शांति का अग्रदूत
लौटेगा खोया स्वाभिमान
अब जाग चुके तेरे सपूत
अब तू माथे का विजय तिलक
तू आँखों का अंजन बिहार
तुझको शत-शत वंदन बिहार
मेरे भारत के कंठहार

Bihar Diwas 2012







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    Veer Kunwar Singh - Hero of 1857 revolts against British imperialists.


     


    Babu Veer Kunwar Singh (1777 – 1858) belonged to a Rajput royal house of Jagdhishpur, currently a part of Bhojpur district, Biharstate, India. At the age of 80 years, during India’s First War of Independence (1857-58), he actively led a select band of armed soldiers against the troops under the command of the British Raj, and also recorded victories in many battles. In his last battle, fought on 23 April1858, near Jagdishpur, the troops under the control of the British Raj were completely routed. To honour his memory and his contribution to India’s freedom movement, the Republic of India issued a commemorative stamp[1]on 23rd April, 1966. Kunwar Singh, zamindar of Jagdishpur near Arrah in the state of Bihar, one of the leaders of the Indian rising of 1857.
    He assumed command of the soldiers who had revolted at Danapur on 5th July. Two days later he occupied Arrah, the district headquarter. Major Vincent Eyre relieved the town on 3rd August, defeated Kunwar Singh''''s force and destroyed Jagdishpur. Kunwar Singh left his ancestral village and reached Lucknow in December 1857. In March 1858 he occupied Azamgarh. However, he had to leave the place soon. Pursued by Brigadier Douglas, he retreated towards his home in Bihar. On 23 April, Kunwar Singh had a victory near Jagdishpur over the force led by Captain Le Grand, 26 April1858 he died in his village. The mantle of the old chief now fell on his brother Amar Singh who, despite heavy odds, continued the struggle and for a considerable time ran a parallel government in the district of Shahabad. In October 1859 Amar Singh joined the rebel leaders in the Nepal Terai.


    Nasha unmulan.


      dear sir
                main om prakash kumar muzaffer pur Bihar se hu maine aapna pura bachpan muzafferpur me bitaya hu or ab jamshedpur me waha ke nasha khurako se tag ho aa kar padhae karne laga par tab tak mere andar itna a=nasha bhar gya tha ki ab jab ushke wajah se apna sab kuchh ko diya to samjh aaya hain. or main in sabo ka jimedar khud ko jitna manta hu ushse kahi jayada hamara kanun jimedar hain maine dekha hain ki kanun kaishe ish ko badawa de raha hain muzafferpur ke bhagwanpur me shader thana ahin or wo kuchh karta hain chand paishe ke lalach me we log ham jaishe kitno ke shath khelwar kar raha hain. 
                      main chahta hu ki aap sab mera shath de ek nash mukat samaj banane me
  • celebration at Delhi Haat INA, New Delhi - 22nd March 2012. Bihar Diwas 100 years celebration
  • Photo gallery of Bihar shatabdi diwas 2012 burari delhi on 18th march 2012
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